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Author Afanador-Villamizar, A.; Gomez-Romero, C.; Diaz, A.; Ruiz-Saenz, J. doi  openurl
  Title Avian influenza in Latin America: A systematic review of serological and molecular studies from 2000-2015 Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 12 Issue 6 Pages e0179573  
  Keywords Birds: Avian; Avian influenza; Virus; Poultry  
  Abstract Avian influenza or bird flu is a highly contagious acute viral disease that can occur in epidemics and cross-border forms in poultry and wild birds. The characteristics of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) allow the emergence of new viral variants, some with zoonotic and pandemic potential. AIVs have been identified in Latin America; however, there is a lack of understanding of these viruses at the regional level. We performed a systematic literature review on serological or molecular evidence of AIVs circulation in Latin America. Methods were designed based on the PRISMA and STROME guidelines. Only peer-reviewed studies published between 2000 to 2015 and data was analysed based on country, viral subtype, avian species, and phylogenetic origins. From 271 studies initially found only twenty-six met our inclusion criteria. Evidence of AIVs infection was found in most Latin American countries, with Mexico as the country with the largest number of conducted studies and reported cases during the period analysed, followed by Chile and Argentina. Most of the AIVs were early reported through surveillance systems and at least 14 different subtypes of influenza viruses were reported in birds, and the presence of both low (92.9%) and high (7.1%) pathogenic AIVs was shown in Latin America. Of the reported AIVs in Latin America, 43.7% belong to migratory birds, 28.1% to local wild birds, and 28.1% to poultry. The migratory bird population mainly comprises families belonging to the orders Anseriformes and Charadriformes. We highlight the importance of epidemiological surveillance systems and the possible role of different migratory birds in the transmission of AIVs within the Americas. Our findings demonstrate the limited information on AIVs in Latin America and highlight the need of more studies on AIVs at the regional level, particularly those focused on identifying the endemic subtypes in regional wild birds.  
  Address Semillero de Investigacion en enfermedades Infecciosas – InfeKto, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Bucaramanga, Colombia. PIC – Pig Improvement Company LATAM, Queretaro, Mexico. Grupo de Investigacion en Ciencias Animales GRICA, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Bucaramanga, Colombia.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/06/21  
  ISSN 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MedLine/PubMed and SciELO-Scientific Electronic Library Online searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1432 Serial 2887  
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Author Ariza, J.M.; Relun, A.; Bareille, N.; Oberle, K.; Guatteo, R. doi  openurl
  Title Effectiveness of collective treatments in the prevention and treatment of bovine digital dermatitis lesions: A systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Journal of Dairy Science Abbreviated Journal J Dairy Sci  
  Volume Epublication ahead of print Issue Pages  
  Keywords Cows; Cattle; Bovine digital dermatitis; Dairy Cow; Collective Treatment  
  Abstract The collective treatment (CT) of an affected herd is commonly advised to control bovine digital dermatitis (DD). Several CT are commercialized, frequently without major evidence supporting their effectiveness. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the published evidence that supports CT in the treatment and prevention of DD lesions in dairy herds. Across the evidence, the main limitations in the studies design were identified and the possible sources of inconsistency were investigated. An extensive literature search of publications through electronic databases and gray literature was conducted between July 2015 and January 2016. Studies that did not include an untreated or placebo control group were excluded from the review. The literature search and screening process identified 13 publications with 24 treatment trial comparisons and 18 prevention trial comparisons. The published evidence included studies mostly considered to have a low or unclear risk of bias. Descriptive analyses were performed according to the prevention and treatment outcomes, and case and success definitions were identified for each study and summarized in odds ratios (OR). Pairwise meta-analyses were conducted according to the prevention and treatment outcomes, comparing directly the intervention used in each study, and ignoring any other differences in the intervention characteristics. The results of the meta-analyses indicated a low degree of heterogeneity across the evidence for the prevention outcome [I2 = 0%, 95% CI: 0 to 37.2%, 95% prediction interval (PI): 0.72 to 1.74)] and a moderate degree for the treatment outcome (I2 = 25.3%, 95% CI: 0 to 63%, 95% PI: 0.39 to 3.73). Similarly, appraisal of the graphical L'Abbe plot suggested a considerable degree of heterogeneity across the evidence for the treatment outcome. For both outcomes, the frequent small sample sizes of the trials indicate imprecision across the included studies. Additionally, for the treatment and prevention outcomes, an asymmetric funnel plot suggested possible publication bias. The overall quality of the evidence, for both outcomes (prevention and treatment), was therefore considered to be low, indicating that the true effect of CT may be substantially different from that estimated across the included studies. Consequently, this review and meta-analysis does not support an association between the CT considered in the review and a beneficial effect in the prevention and treatment of DD lesions. The effectiveness of CT therefore remains uncertain, and the epidemiological circumstances in which it can be useful must be investigated. These findings highlight the importance of developing high quality, controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness of CT for DD control.  
  Address BIOEPAR, INRA, Oniris, La Chantrerie, 44307 Nantes, France; Qalian, Neovia, Segre 49500, France. Electronic address: juan-manuel.ariza@oniris-nantes.fr. BIOEPAR, INRA, Oniris, La Chantrerie, 44307 Nantes, France. Qalian, Neovia, Segre 49500, France.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/07/03  
  ISSN 1525-3198 (Electronic) 0022-0302 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, CAB, and Web of Science searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1429 Serial 2888  
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Author Baudon, E.; Peyre, M.; Peiris, M.; Cowling, B.J. doi  openurl
  Title Epidemiological features of influenza circulation in swine populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication PLoS One Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 12 Issue 6 Pages e0179044  
  Keywords Swine; Pigs; Influenza; Virus; Swine flu  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: The emergence of the 2009 influenza pandemic virus with a swine origin stressed the importance of improving influenza surveillance in swine populations. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to describe epidemiological features of swine influenza (SI) across the world and identify factors impacting swine influenza virus surveillance. METHODS: The systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines. Articles published after 1990 containing data on SI on pig and herd-level seroprevalence, isolation and detection rates, and risk factors were included. Meta-regression analyses using seroprevalence and virological rates were performed. RESULTS: A total of 217 articles were included. Low avian influenza (AI) seroprevalence (means pig = 4.1%; herd = 15%) was found, showing that AIV do not readily establish themselves in swine while SIV seroprevalence was usually high across continents (influenza A means pig = 32.6-87.8%; herd = 29.3-100%). Higher pig density and number of pigs per farm were shown by the meta-regression analyses and/or the risk factor articles to be associated with higher SI seroprevalence. Lower seroprevalence levels were observed for countries with low-to-medium GDP. These results suggest that larger industrial farms could be more at risk of SIV circulation. Sampling swine with influenza-like illness (ILI) was positively associated with higher isolation rates; most studies in Europe, Latin and North America were targeting swine with ILI. CONCLUSIONS: To improve understanding of SI epidemiology, standardization of the design and reporting of SI epidemiological studies is desirable. Performance of SI surveillance systems in low-to-medium GDP countries should be evaluated to rule out technical issues linked to lower observed SIV prevalence. Targeting certain swine age groups, farming systems and swine with ILI may improve the surveillance cost-effectiveness. However, focusing on pigs with ILI may bias virus detection against strains less virulent for swine but which may be important as pandemic threats.  
  Address WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China. Animal and Integrated Risk Management Research Unit (AGIRs), French Agricultural Research Center for International Development (CIRAD), Montpellier, France.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/06/08  
  ISSN 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Scopus searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1434 Serial 2889  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Brelsford, V.L.; Meints, K.; Gee, N.R.; Pfeffer, K. doi  openurl
  Title Animal-Assisted Interventions in the Classroom-A Systematic Review Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication International Journal of Environmental Reseasrch and Public Health Abbreviated Journal Int J Environ Res Public Health  
  Volume 14 Issue 7 Pages  
  Keywords AAT; Animal-assisted intervention; Animal-assisted Therapy; Children; Classroom; Dogs; School  
  Abstract The inclusion of animals in educational practice is becoming increasingly popular, but it is unclear how solid the evidence for this type of intervention is. The aim of this systematic review is to scrutinise the empirical research literature relating to animal-assisted interventions conducted in educational settings. The review included 25 papers; 21 from peer-reviewed journals and 4 obtained using grey literature databases. Most studies reported significant benefits of animal-assisted interventions in the school setting. Despite this, studies vary greatly in methods and design, in intervention types, measures, and sample sizes, and in the length of time exposed to an animal. Furthermore, a worrying lack of reference to risk assessment and animal welfare must be highlighted. Taken together, the results of this review show promising findings and emerging evidence suggestive of potential benefits related to animals in school settings. The review also indicates the need for a larger and more robust evidence base driven by thorough and strict protocols. The review further emphasises the need for safeguarding for all involved-welfare and safety are paramount.  
  Address School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, Lincolnshire LN6 7TS, UK. vbrelsford@lincoln.ac.uk. School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, Lincolnshire LN6 7TS, UK. kmeints@lincoln.ac.uk. Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Fredonia, NY 14063, USA. nancy.gee@fredonia.edu. WALTHAM Centre for Pet Nutrition, Waltham-on-the-Wolds, Melton Mowbray, Leicstershire LE14 4RT, UK. nancy.gee@fredonia.edu. School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, Lincolnshire LN6 7TS, UK. KPeffer@lincoln.ac.uk.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/06/24  
  ISSN 1660-4601 (Electronic) 1660-4601 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Academic Search Complete, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, Frontiers in Science, Medline, PyschArticles, PsychInfo, Science Direct, Scopus, Taylor & Francis online, and Web of Science (including Web of Knowledge) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1431 Serial 2890  
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Author Getaneh, A.M.; Gebremedhin, E.Z. doi  openurl
  Title Meta-analysis of the prevalence of mastitis and associated risk factors in dairy cattle in Ethiopia Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Tropical Animal Health and Production Abbreviated Journal Trop Anim Health Prod  
  Volume 49 Issue 4 Pages 697-705  
  Keywords Cattle; Bovines; Cows; Mastitis; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Dairy cattle; Ethiopia  
  Abstract Mastitis is among the most prevalent disease that contributes for the reduction of milk production in dairy herds. Although several published studies have estimated the prevalence of mastitis, variation among studies is great. The objective of the present meta-analysis was to provide a pooled estimate of the prevalence of overall, clinical, and subclinical mastitis in dairy cattle in Ethiopia. A pooled estimate was also conducted by potential risk factors. The literature search was restricted to studies published in English language from January 2002 to June 2016. Meta-analysis of 39 studies was done under random effects model using metafor package in R software. The pooled estimate of the overall prevalence of mastitis on cow-basis was found to be 47.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 42.0, 52.0). The pooled prevalence with the 95% CI for clinical and subclinical mastitis was 8.3% (95% CI = 6.5, 10.3) and 37% (95% CI = 32.9, 40.7) respectively. There is a statistically significant and high heterogeneity of the prevalence estimates between published studies. The odds of occurrence of mastitis were higher in cows at early (odds ratio [OR] = 1.6; 95% CI = 1.4, 1.8) and late lactation (OR = 1.3; 95% CI = 1.2, 1.5) than mid lactation, in cows with 3-4 (OR = 1.5; 95% CI = 1.4, 1.7) and >4 parity number (OR = 2.9; 95% CI = 2.6, 3.4) than those with 1-2 parity number. Previous history of mastitis, floor type, milking hygiene, and udder injury had also statistically significant effect on pooled prevalence of mastitis (P < 0.05). The present study reported that there is high prevalence of mastitis in dairy cows in Ethiopia, which could contribute to the low productivity in lactating cows. The statistically significant association of risk factors such as floor type, milking hygiene, and presence of udder injury with mastitis may suggest that dairy farmers can reduce the occurrence of the disease by improving their management practices.  
  Address College of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Department of Veterinary Laboratory Technology, Ambo University, P. O. Box 19, Ambo, Ethiopia. abrahamgetaneh@yahoo.com. College of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Department of Veterinary Laboratory Technology, Ambo University, P. O. Box 19, Ambo, Ethiopia.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/02/12  
  ISSN 1573-7438 (Electronic) 0049-4747 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, and journals such as “Mastitis” and “Ethiopia” searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1440 Serial 2892  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Guldemond, R.A.R.; Purdon, A.; van Aarde, R.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A systematic review of elephant impact across Africa Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication PLoS One Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 12 Issue 6 Pages e0178935  
  Keywords Elephants; Environment; Africa  
  Abstract Contradictory findings among scientific studies that address a particular issue may impede the conversion of science to management implementation. A systematic review of peer-reviewed studies to generate a single outcome may overcome this problem. The contentious topic of the impact that a megaherbivore such as the savanna elephant have for other species and their environment can benefit from such an approach. After some 68 years, 367 peer-reviewed papers covered the topic and 51 of these papers provided sufficient data to be included in a meta-analysis. We separated the direct impact that elephants had on trees and herbs from the indirect effects on other vertebrates, invertebrates, and soil properties. Elephants have an impact on tree structure and abundance but no overall negative cascading effects for species that share space with them. Primary productivity explained a small amount of variation of elephant impact on vegetation. Elephant numbers (density), study duration, rainfall, tree cover, and the presence of artificial water and fences failed to describe patterns of impact. We conclude that published information do not support the calls made for artificially manipulating elephant numbers to ameliorate elephant impact, and call for the management of space use by elephants to maintain savanna heterogeneity.  
  Address Conservation Ecology Research Unit, Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/06/08  
  ISSN 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Biological Sciences, Scopus, Zoological Record and Wildlife Ecology and Studies Worldwide searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1435 Serial 2893  
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Author Langerhuus, L.; Miles, J. doi  openurl
  Title Proportion recovery and times to ambulation for non-ambulatory dogs with thoracolumbar disc extrusions treated with hemilaminectomy or conservative treatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis of case-series studies Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication The Verinary Journal Abbreviated Journal Vet J  
  Volume 220 Issue Pages 7-16  
  Keywords Dogs; Canine; Intervertebral Disc Displacement; Laminectomy; Lumbar Vertebrae; Thoracic Vertebrae; Neurological  
  Abstract Thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion is a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in dogs. Peer-reviewed studies reporting treatment of predominantly chondrodystrophic dogs with disc extrusion with loss of ambulation with either hemilaminectomy or conservative treatment (rest, analgesics and anti-inflammatories) were evaluated in a systematic review of the literature. Generally, the level of evidence available was low with no controlled studies and only case series available. In the meta-analysis, there was a clear trend to a greater proportion of dogs recovering and returning faster to ambulation for dogs treated with hemilaminectomy than for conservatively treated dogs. The mean proportions that recovered for neurological grades 3, 4 and 5 were 93, 93 and 61% for those treated with hemilaminectomy, and 79, 62 and 10% for those treated conservatively (Grade 3 – non-ambulatory paraparetic dogs; grade 4 – paraplegic dogs with intact deep pain perception; grade 5 – paraplegic dogs without intact deep pain perception). Due to the use of case series, these results represent between-study comparisons, thereby increasing the risk of selection bias and other biases. Data presented in this review support the current recommendations for surgical management of non-ambulatory dogs with disc-extrusion, but controlled clinical studies comparing outcomes are necessary to confirm these findings.  
  Address AniCura Aarhus Veterinary Hospital, Hasselager Centervej 12, 8260 Viby, Denmark. Electronic address: lars.langerhuus@anicura.dk. Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlaegevej 16, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/02/14  
  ISSN 1532-2971 (Electronic) 1090-0233 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Medline and CAB Abstracts searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1439 Serial 2894  
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Author LaVallee, E.; Mueller, M.K.; McCobb, E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Systematic Review of the Literature Addressing Veterinary Care for Underserved Communities Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Jounrl of Applied Animal Welfare Science Abbreviated Journal Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science  
  Volume Epublication ahead of print Issue Pages 1-14  
  Keywords Charity medine; Low price clinic; Community medicine; Low-price clinic; Underserved community  
  Abstract Currently, there is a care gap in veterinary medicine affecting low-income and underserved communities, resulting in decreased nonhuman-animal health and welfare. The use of low-price and community veterinary clinics in underserved populations is a strategy to improve companion-animal health through preventative care, spay/neuter, and other low-price care programs and services. Little research has documented the structure and effectiveness of such initiatives. This systematic review aimed to assess current published research pertaining to accessible health care, community-based veterinary medicine, and the use of community medicine in teaching programs. The review was an in-depth literature search identifying 51 publications relevant to the importance, benefits, drawbacks, and use of low-price and community clinics in underserved communities. These articles identified commonly discussed barriers to care that may prevent underserved clientele from seeking veterinary care. Five barriers were identified including the cost of veterinary care, accessibility of care, problems with or lack of veterinarian-client communication, culture/language, and lack of client education. The review also identified a need for additional research regarding evidence of effectiveness and efficiency in community medicine initiatives.  
  Address a Center for Animals and Public Policy , Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/06/29  
  ISSN 1532-7604 (Electronic) 1088-8705 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Databases not stated in abstract, contacting authors for details as full citation not available Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1430 Serial 2895  
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Author Mohabbati Mobarez, A.; Bagheri Amiri, F.; Esmaeili, S. doi  openurl
  Title Seroprevalence of Q fever among human and animal in Iran; A systematic review and meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases Abbreviated Journal PLoS Neglected Tropicasl Diseases  
  Volume 11 Issue 4 Pages e0005521  
  Keywords Cattle; Dogs; Q fever; Coxiella burnetii; Seroprevalence; Zoonosis; Edpidemiology  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Q fever is a main zoonotic disease around the world. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the overall seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii among human and animal population in Iran. METHODS: Major national and international databases were searched from 2005 up to August 2016. We extracted the prevalence of Q fever antibodies (IgG) as the main primary outcome. We reported the prevalence of the seropositivity as point and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: The overall seroprevalence of IgG phase I and II antibodies of Q fever in human was 19.80% (95% CI: 16.35-23.25%) and 32.86% (95% CI: 23.80-41.92%), respectively. The herd and individual prevalence of C. burnetii antibody in goat were 93.42% (95% CI: 80.23-100.00) and 31.97% (95% CI: 20.96-42.98%), respectively. The herd and individual prevalence of Q fever antibody in sheep's were 96.07% (95% CI: 89.11-100.00%) and 24.66% (95% CI: 19.81-29.51%), respectively. The herd and individual prevalence of C. burnetii antibody in cattle were 41.37% (95% CI: 17.88-64.86%) and 13.30% (95% CI: 2.98-23.62%), respectively. Individual seropositivity of Q fever in camel and dog were 28.26% (95% CI: 21.47-35.05) and 0.55% (0.03-2.68), respectively. CONCLUSION: Seroprevalence of Q fever among human and domestic animals is considerable. Preventative planning and control of C. burnetii infections in Iran is necessary. Active surveillance and further research studies are recommended, to more clearly define the epidemiology and importance of C. burnetii infections in animals and people in Iran.  
  Address Department of Bacteriology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. National Reference Laboratory of Plague, Tularemia and Q Fever, Research Centre for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Akanlu, Kabudar-Ahang, Hamadan, Iran.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/04/11  
  ISSN 1935-2735 (Electronic) 1935-2727 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Iranmedex, Scientific Information Database (SID), Magiran, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IRANDOC), Google Scholar, Medline, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1436 Serial 2896  
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Author Purewal, R.; Christley, R.; Kordas, K.; Joinson, C.; Meints, K.; Gee, N.; Westgarth, C. doi  openurl
  Title Companion Animals and Child/Adolescent Development: A Systematic Review of the Evidence Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication International Journal of Environmental Reseasrch and Public Health Abbreviated Journal Int J Environ Res Public Health  
  Volume 14 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Adolescent Development; Animals; Children; Human-animal interaction; Pet ownership  
  Abstract Childhood and adolescence are important developmental phases which influence health and well-being across the life span. Social relationships are fundamental to child and adolescent development; yet studies have been limited to children's relationships with other humans. This paper provides an evidence review for the potential associations between pet ownership and emotional; behavioural; cognitive; educational and social developmental outcomes. As the field is in the early stages; a broad set of inclusion criteria was applied. A systematic search of databases and grey literature sources found twenty-two studies meeting selection criteria. The review found evidence for an association between pet ownership and a wide range of emotional health benefits from childhood pet ownership; particularly for self-esteem and loneliness. The findings regarding childhood anxiety and depression were inconclusive. Studies also showed evidence of an association between pet ownership and educational and cognitive benefits; for example, in perspective-taking abilities and intellectual development. Evidence on behavioural development was unclear due to a lack of high quality research. Studies on pet ownership and social development provided evidence for an association with increased social competence; social networks; social interaction and social play behaviour. Overall, pet ownership and the significance of children's bonds with companion animals have been underexplored; there is a shortage of high quality and longitudinal studies in all outcomes. Prospective studies that control for a wide range of confounders are required.  
  Address Institute of Infection and Global Health, and Institute of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE, UK. r.purewal@liverpool.ac.uk. Institute of Infection and Global Health, and Institute of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE, UK. robc@liverpool.ac.uk. Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, University at Buffalo, 270 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA. kkordas@buffalo.edu. School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK. kkordas@buffalo.edu. School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK. carol.joinson@bristol.ac.uk. School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, Lincolnshire LN6 7TS, UK. kmeints@lincoln.ac.uk. Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Fredonia, NY 14063, USA. nancy.gee@fredonia.edu. WALTHAM Centre for Pet Nutrition, Waltham-on-the-Wolds, Melton Mowbray, Leics LE14 4RT, UK. nancy.gee@fredonia.edu. Institute of Infection and Global Health, and Institute of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE, UK. carri.westgarth@liverpool.ac.uk.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/03/08  
  ISSN 1660-4601 (Electronic) 1660-4601 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PsycINFO, CINAHL, PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and grey literature searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1437 Serial 2897  
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Author Raboisson, D.; Albaaj, A.; Nonne, G.; Foucras, G. url  doi
openurl 
  Title High urea and pregnancy or conception in dairy cows: A meta-analysis to define the appropriate urea threshold Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Journal of Dairy Science Abbreviated Journal J Dairy Sci  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Cow; Dairy cow; Cattle; Nitrogen; Reproduction; Urea  
  Abstract Dietary proteins play an important role in reproduction, and increased dietary crude proteins, increased degradability of dietary proteins, and elevated blood or milk urea have been associated with decreased conception and pregnancy in many studies. The aim of this work was to provide a meta-analysis on the relationship between high milk or blood urea and pregnancy or conception, with a focus on defining the appropriate urea threshold associated with this issue. The meta-analysis included 61 different models from 21 papers. The thresholds of urea tested in the various models were built by steps of 1 mM urea. This constructed variable reduced heterogeneity by 61% in the meta-regression. The meta-analysis showed 43% lower odds of pregnancy or conception (odds ratio = 0.57; 95% confidence interval = 0.45-0.73) in cases where urea was >/=7.0 mM in the blood (plasma urea nitrogen = 19.3 mg/dL) or where urea was >/=420 mg/L in the milk compared with where urea values were lower. This threshold is the most suitable with regard to pregnancy or conception success, even if a threshold of 6.5 mM cannot be excluded with certainty. The results also highlighted the possibility of a stronger association between high urea concentrations and pregnancy or conception when high nitrogen exposure occurs before artificial insemination compared with after artificial insemination, but this possibility needs to be further studied. Whether the present results also apply to extensively pasture-based countries remains to be determined.  
  Address IHAP, Universite de Toulouse, INRA, ENVT, Toulouse, France. Electronic address: d.raboisson@envt.fr. IHAP, Universite de Toulouse, INRA, ENVT, Toulouse, France.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/07/03  
  ISSN 1525-3198 (Electronic) 0022-0302 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, CABI and Google Scholar searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1428 Serial 2898  
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Author Richter, V.; Lebl, K.; Baumgartner, W.; Obritzhauser, W.; Kasbohrer, A.; Pinior, B. doi  openurl
  Title A systematic worldwide review of the direct monetary losses in cattle due to bovine viral diarrhoea virus infection Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication The Veterinary Journal Abbreviated Journal Vet J  
  Volume 220 Issue Pages 80-87  
  Keywords Cattle; Cows; Bovines; Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease; BVDV; BVD; Virus; Bovine viral diarrhoea virus; Economic impact; production  
  Abstract Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is an important infectious agent of cattle worldwide that affects herd productivity and reproduction. In this systematic review of the impact of BVDV, studies were analysed with a particular focus on the monetary implications and types of direct losses, the initial infection status of herds, production systems, time periods of assessment, calculation level, study types and whether or not country-specific assessments were published. A linear mixed model was applied to analyse factors that influence the level of monetary direct losses due to BVDV infection. The 44 studies included in this review covered 15 countries and assessed direct monetary losses due to BVDV incurred over the past 30 years. Direct losses between and within countries were largely heterogeneous with respect to the monetary level and types of direct losses, ranging from 0.50 to 687.80 US dollars (USD) per animal.1 Average direct losses per naive dairy cow were USD24.85 higher than per beef cow. Country-specific assessments of direct losses due to BVDV were provided in 38/44 (86.4%) studies. Mortality, morbidity, premature culling, stillbirths, abortion, reinfection, country and study type had a significant influence on the monetary level of direct losses (r2 = 0.69). Countries recording direct losses were more likely to carry out voluntary or compulsory control and eradication programmes (odds ratio = 10.2; 95% confidence interval 1.7-81.9; P = 0.004).  
  Address Institute for Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. University Clinic for Ruminants, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. Institute for Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria; Department of Biological Safety, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Diedersdorfer Weg 1, 12277 Berlin, Germany. Institute for Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: Beate.Pinior@vetmeduni.ac.at.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/02/14  
  ISSN 1532-2971 (Electronic) 1090-0233 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Knowledge (containing publications from 1900 until January 2015); (2) PubMed (containing publications from 1879 until January 2015); and (3) Scopus Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1438 Serial 2899  
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Author Abdi, R.D.; Agga, G.E.; Aregawi, W.G.; Bekana, M.; Van Leeuwen, T.; Delespaux, V.; Duchateau, L. doi  openurl
  Title A systematic review and meta-analysis of trypanosome prevalence in tsetse flies Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication BMC Veterinary Research Abbreviated Journal BMC Vet Res  
  Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 100  
  Keywords Trypanosoma; Tsetse Flies  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: The optimisation of trypanosomosis control programs warrants a good knowledge of the main vector of animal and human trypanosomes in sub-Saharan Africa, the tsetse fly. An important aspect of the tsetse fly population is its trypanosome infection prevalence, as it determines the intensity of the transmission of the parasite by the vector. We therefore conducted a systematic review of published studies documenting trypanosome infection prevalence from field surveys or from laboratory experiments under controlled conditions. Publications were screened in the Web of Science, PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Using the four-stage (identification, screening, eligibility and inclusion) process in the PRISMA statement the initial screened total of 605 studies were reduced to 72 studies. The microscopic examination of dissected flies (dissection method) remains the most used method to detect trypanosomes and thus constituted the main focus of this analysis. Meta-regression was performed to identify factors responsible for high trypanosome prevalence in the vectors and a random effects meta-analysis was used to report the sensitivity of molecular and serological tests using the dissection method as gold standard. RESULTS: The overall pooled prevalence was 10.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 8.1%, 12.4%) and 31.0% (95% CI = 20.0%, 42.0%) for the field survey and laboratory experiment data respectively. The country and the year of publication were found to be significantly factors associated with the prevalence of trypanosome infection in tsetse flies. The alternative diagnostic tools applied to dissection positive samples were characterised by low sensitivity, and no information on the specificity was available at all. CONCLUSION: Both temporal and spatial variation in trypanosome infection prevalence of field collected tsetse flies exists, but further investigation on real risk factors is needed how this variation can be explained. Improving the sensitivity and determining the specificity of these alternative diagnostic tools should be a priority and will allow to estimate the prevalence of trypanosome infection in tsetse flies in high-throughput.  
  Address Department of Clinical studies, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Bishoftu, Oromia, Ethiopia. retaduguma@gmail.com. Department of Animal Science, Institute of Agriculture, University of Tennessee, 2506 River Drive, Knoxville, USA. retaduguma@gmail.com. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Food Animal Environmental Systems Research Unit, Bowling Green, Kentucky, USA. Werer Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Afar, Ethiopia. Department of Clinical studies, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Bishoftu, Oromia, Ethiopia. Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Gent University, Ghent, Belgium. Faculty of Sciences and Bioengineering Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. Department of Comparative Physiology and Biometrics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Gent University, Ghent, Belgium.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/04/14  
  ISSN 1746-6148 (Electronic) 1746-6148 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Science, PubMed and Google Schola Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1446 Serial 2903  
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Author Abell, K.M.; Theurer, M.E.; Larson, R.L.; White, B.J.; Apley, M. doi  openurl
  Title A mixed treatment comparison meta-analysis of metaphylaxis treatments for bovine respiratory disease in beef cattle Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Journal of Animal Science Abbreviated Journal J Anim Sci  
  Volume 95 Issue 2 Pages 626-635  
  Keywords Cattle: Cows; Calves; Bovine; Respiratory diseases; Antimicrobials  
  Abstract The objective of this project was to evaluate the effects of antimicrobials approved for parenteral metaphylactic use in feeder and stocker calves on morbidity and mortality for bovine respiratory disease with the use of a mixed treatment comparison meta-analysis. An initial literature review was conducted in April 2016 through Pubmed, Agricola, and CAB (Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau) for randomized controlled trials for metaphylaxis antimicrobial administered parentally to incoming feedlot or stocker calves within 48 h of arrival. The final list of publications included 29 studies, with a total of 37 trials. There were 8 different metaphylactic antimicrobials. Final event outcomes were categorized into bovine respiratory disease (BRD) morbidity cumulative incidence d 1 to </= 60 of the feeding period, BRD morbidity cumulative incidence d 1 to closeout of the feeding period, BRD mortality cumulative incidence d 1 to closeout of the feeding period, and BRD retreatment cumulative incidence morbidity d 1 to closeout of the feeding period. Network meta-analysis combined direct and indirect evidence for all the event outcomes to determine mean odds ratio (OR) with 95% credibility intervals (CrIs) for all metaphylactic antimicrobial comparisons. The “upper tier” treatment arms for morbidity d 1 to </= 60 included tulathromycin, gamithromycin, and tilmicosin. For BRD mortality cumulative incidence d 1 to closeout and BRD retreatment morbidity d 1 to closeout, classifying the treatment arms into tiers was not possible due to overlapping 95% CrIs. The results of this project accurately identified differences between metaphylactic antimicrobials, and metaphylactic antimicrobial options appear to offer different outcomes on BRD morbidity and mortality odds in feedlot cattle.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/04/06  
  ISSN 1525-3163 (Electronic) 0021-8812 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Pubmed, Agricola, and CAB searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1448 Serial 2904  
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Author Voss-Rech, D.; Potter, L.; Vaz, C.S.; Pereira, D.I.; Sangioni, L.A.; Vargas, A.C.; de Avila Botton, S. doi  openurl
  Title Antimicrobial Resistance in Nontyphoidal Salmonella Isolated from Human and Poultry-Related Samples in Brazil: 20-Year Meta-Analysis Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Foodborne Pathogical Diseases Abbreviated Journal Foodborne Pathog Dis  
  Volume 14 Issue 2 Pages 116-124  
  Keywords Salmonella; Antimicrobial resistance; Humans; Poultry; Chickens; Zoonoses  
  Abstract Nontyphoidal Salmonella are one of the leading causes of foodborne diseases in the world. As poultry products are recognized as main sources of human salmonellosis, nontyphoidal Salmonella control has become a global issue for the poultry industry. The increasing antimicrobial resistance in poultry-related nontyphoidal Salmonella serovars is a global matter of concern. By monitoring the evolution of antimicrobial resistance, alternative treatments can be identified and possible restrictions in the treatment of systemic human salmonellosis foreseen. A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the profile and temporal evolution of the antimicrobial resistance of nontyphoidal Salmonella of poultry and human origin in Brazil, isolated in the period from 1995 to 2014. Four databases were researched; twenty-nine articles met the eligibility criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. In the nontyphoidal isolates of poultry origin, the highest levels of antimicrobial resistance were verified for sulfonamides (44.3%), nalidixic acid (42.5%), and tetracycline (35.5%). In the human-origin isolates, the resistance occurred mainly for sulfonamides (46.4%), tetracycline (36.9%), and ampicillin (23.6%). Twenty-two articles described results of antimicrobial resistance specifically for Salmonella Enteritidis, also enabling the individual meta-analysis of this serovar. For most antimicrobials, the resistance levels of Salmonella Enteritidis were lower than those found when considering all the nontyphoidal serovars. In the poultry-origin isolates, a quadratic temporal distribution was observed, with reduced resistance to streptomycin in Salmonella Enteritidis and in all nontyphoidal serovars, and a linear increase of resistance to nalidixic acid in Salmonella Enteritidis. In the human-origin isolates, a linear increase was identified in the resistance to nalidixic acid in Salmonella Enteritidis and in all the nontyphoidal isolates, and to gentamicin in Salmonella Enteritidis. Continuous monitoring of the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance could support the measurement of the consequences on poultry and human health.  
  Address 1 Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Medicina Veterinaria (PPGMV), Departamento de Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva, Centro de Ciencias Rurais (CCR), Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM) , Santa Maria, Brazil . 2 Laboratorio de Sanidade e Genetica Animal , Embrapa Suinos e Aves, Concordia, Brazil . 3 Departamento de Zootecnia, CCR , UFSM, Santa Maria, Brazil . 4 Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Instituto de Biologia (IB), Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel) , Pelotas, Brazil .  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2016/12/07  
  ISSN 1556-7125 (Electronic) 1535-3141 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Databases searched not detailed in the abstract and full citation not available Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1449 Serial 2905  
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Author Clark, B.; Frewer, L.J.; Panzone, L.A.; Stewart, G.B. doi  openurl
  Title The Need for Formal Evidence Synthesis in Food Policy: A Case Study of Willingness-to-Pay Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Animals (Basel) Abbreviated Journal Animals (Basel)  
  Volume 7 Issue 3 Pages  
  Keywords Cows; cattle; Bovine; Sheep; Ovine; Farm animal welfare; Willingness to pay  
  Abstract Meta-analysis is increasingly utilised in the understanding of consumer behaviour, including in relation to farm animal welfare. However, the issue of publication bias has received little attention. As willingness-to-pay (WTP) is widely used in policy, it is important to explore publication bias. This research aimed to evaluate publication bias in WTP, specifically public WTP for farm animal welfare. A systematic review of four databases yielded 54 studies for random effects meta-analysis. Publication bias was assessed by the Egger test, rank test, contour-enhanced funnel plots, and the Vevea and Hedges weight-function model. Results consistently indicated the presence of publication bias, highlighting an overestimation of WTP for farm animal welfare. Stakeholders should be wary of WTP estimates that have not been critically evaluated for publication bias.  
  Address School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK. b.clark@newcastle.ac.uk. School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK. lynn.frewer@newcastle.ac.uk. School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK. luca.panzone@newcastle.ac.uk. School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK. gavin.stewart@newcastle.ac.uk.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/03/14  
  ISSN 2076-2615 (Print) 2076-2615 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge, AgEcon Search, and Google Scholar,. Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1451 Serial 2907  
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Author Jaramillo, D.; Peeler, E.J.; Laurin, E.; Gardner, I.A.; Whittington, R.J. doi  openurl
  Title Serology in Finfish for Diagnosis, Surveillance, and Research: A Systematic Review Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Journal of Aquatic Animal Health Abbreviated Journal J Aquat Anim Health  
  Volume 29 Issue 1 Pages 1-14  
  Keywords Fish; Aquatic animals; Serological  
  Abstract Historically, serological tests for finfish diseases have been underused when compared with their use in terrestrial animal health. For years the nonspecific immune response in fish was judged to make serology unreliable and inferior to the direct measurement of agent analytes. We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed publications that reported on the development, validation, or application of serological tests for finfish diseases. A total of 168 articles met the screening criteria; most of them were focused on salmonid pathogens (e.g., Aeromonas spp. and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus). Before the 1980s, most publications reported the use of agglutination tests, but our review indicates that enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has more recently become the dominant serological test. The main application of serological tests has been in the assessment of vaccine efficacy, with few applications for surveillance or demonstration of freedom from disease, despite the advantages of serological tests over direct detection at the population level. Nonlethal sampling, low cost, and postinfection persistence of antibodies make serological assays the test of choice in surveillance, especially of valuable broodstock. However, their adoption has been constrained by poor characterization and validation. The number of publications in our review reporting diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of serological tests in finfish was small (n = 7). Foreseeing a wider use of serological tests in the future for diagnostic end purposes, we offer recommendations for mitigating deficiencies in the development and evaluation of serological tests, including optimization, control of nonspecific reactions, informed cutoff points, diagnostic accuracy, and serological baseline studies. Achieving these goals will facilitate greater international recognition of serological testing in programs supporting aquatic animal health. Received March 21, 2016; accepted September 24, 2016.  
  Address a Atlantic Veterinary College , University of Prince Edward Island , 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown , Prince Edward Island C1A 4P3 , Canada. b Faculty of Veterinary Science , The University of Sydney , 425 Werombi Road, Camden , New South Wales 2570 , Australia. c Centre for Environment , Fisheries and Aquaculture Science , Barrack Road, Weymouth DT4 8UB , UK.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/02/07  
  ISSN 1548-8667 (Electronic) 0899-7659 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Databases not stated in abstract, full citation not yet available. Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1452 Serial 2908  
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Author Retes, P.L.; Clemente, A.H.S.; Neves, D.G.; Esposito, M.; Makiyama, L.; Alvarenga, R.R.; Pereira, L.J.; Zangeronimo, M.G. url  doi
openurl 
  Title In ovo feeding of carbohydrates for broilers-a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition Abbreviated Journal Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition  
  Volume Epublication ahead of print Issue Pages  
  Keywords chickens; eggs; in ovo nutrition; poultry  
  Abstract The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence that the injection of carbohydrate-based solutions into embryonated eggs improves broiler performance. A literature search was conducted in April 2017 using the keywords broiler, carbohydrate, in ovo, nutrition and poultry. Only papers that involved in ovo carbohydrate injections in poultry were used in this study. After specific selection criteria, 17 papers were selected. The quality scoring system of the selected studies was based on the injection methodology, use of control groups, type of solution injected, period of injection, egg and hens characteristics, number of variables analysed and the statistical design. Among papers, there was no standardised procedure in to inoculate the solutions. Nevertheless, in general, in ovo feeding of carbohydrates decreases the hatch rate, improves the hatch weight, but it does not seem to influence the post-hatch performance of broilers. The inoculation of 75 mg of glucose in the albumen seems to bring better results. Further studies are needed to improve the technical methodology of in ovo injections for commercial use.  
  Address Veterinary Medicine Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Animal Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Health Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/10/27  
  ISSN 1439-0396 (Electronic) 0931-2439 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ISI Web of Science, Scopus,Pubmed and Scielo Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1453 Serial 2909  
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Author Dettenmaier, S.J.; Messmer, T.A.; Hovick, T.J.; Dahlgren, D.K. doi  openurl
  Title Effects of livestock grazing on rangeland biodiversity: A meta-analysis of grouse populations Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Ecology and Evolution Abbreviated Journal Ecol Evol  
  Volume 7 Issue 19 Pages 7620-7627  
  Keywords Grouse; Livestock grazing; Biodiversity  
  Abstract Livestock grazing affects over 60% of the world's agricultural lands and can influence rangeland ecosystem services and the quantity and quality of wildlife habitat, resulting in changes in biodiversity. Concomitantly, livestock grazing has the potential to be detrimental to some wildlife species while benefiting other rangeland organisms. Many imperiled grouse species require rangeland landscapes that exhibit diverse vegetation structure and composition to complete their life cycle. However, because of declining populations and reduced distributions, grouse are increasingly becoming a worldwide conservation concern. Grouse, as a suite of upland gamebirds, are often considered an umbrella species for other wildlife and thus used as indicators of rangeland health. With a projected increase in demand for livestock products, better information will be required to mitigate the anthropogenic effects of livestock grazing on rangeland biodiversity. To address this need, we completed a data-driven and systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to determine the current knowledge of the effects of livestock grazing on grouse populations (i.e., chick production and population indices) worldwide. Our meta-analysis revealed an overall negative effect of livestock grazing on grouse populations. Perhaps more importantly, we identified an information void regarding the effects of livestock grazing on the majority of grouse species. Additionally, the reported indirect effects of livestock grazing on grouse species were inconclusive and more reflective of differences in the experimental design of the available studies. Future studies designed to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of livestock grazing on wildlife should document (i) livestock type, (ii) timing and frequency of grazing, (iii) duration, and (iv) stocking rate. Much of this information was lacking in the available published studies we reviewed, but is essential when making comparisons between different livestock grazing management practices and their potential impacts on rangeland biodiversity.  
  Address Department of Wildland ResourcesJack H. Berryman InstituteUtah State UniversityLoganUTUSA. Ecology CenterUtah State UniversityLoganUTUSA. Range Science ProgramSchool of Natural Resource SciencesNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoNDUSA.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/10/19  
  ISSN 2045-7758 (Print) 2045-7758 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ISI Web of Science and Scopus searched Approved no  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1454 Serial 2910  
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Author de Vasconcelos, T.C.B.; Furtado, M.C.; Belo, V.S.; Morgado, F.N.; Figueiredo, F.B. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Canine susceptibility to visceral leishmaniasis: A systematic review upon genetic aspects, considering breed factors and immunological concepts Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2017 Publication Infection Genetics and Evolution Abbreviated Journal Infect Genet Evol  
  Volume Epublication ahead of print Issue Pages  
  Keywords Dog; Visceral leishmaniasis; Genetics  
  Abstract Dogs have different susceptibility degrees to leishmaniasis; however, genetic research on this theme is scarce, manly on visceral form. The aims of this systematic review were to describe and discuss the existing scientific findings on genetic susceptibility to canine leishmaniasis, as well as to show the gaps of the existing knowledge. Twelve articles were selected, including breed immunological studies, genome wide associations or other gene polymorphism or gene sequencing studies, and transcription approaches. As main results of literature, there was a suggestion of genetic clinical resistance background for Ibizan Hound dogs, and alleles associated with protection or susceptibility to visceral leishmaniasis in Boxer dogs. Genetic markers can explain phenotypic variance in both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and in cellular immune responses, including antigen presentation. Many gene segments are involved in canine visceral leishmaniasis phenotype, with Natural Resistance Associated Macrophage Protein 1 (NRAMP1) as the most studied. This was related to both protection and susceptibility. In comparison with murine and human genetic approaches, lack of knowledge in dogs is notorious, with many possibilities for new studies, revealing a wide field to be assessed on canine leishmaniasis susceptibility research.  
  Address Centro de Controle de Zoonoses, Vigilancia em Saude, Secretaria Municipal de Saude, Prefeitura Municipal de Resende, Rua Euridices Paulina de Almeida, 300, Vicentina II, Resende, RJ 27500-000, Brazil. Electronic address: tassia.vasconcelos@gmail.com. Fiocruz Mata Atlantica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Estrada Rodrigues Caldas, 3400, Taquara, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22713-375, Brazil. Universidade Federal de Sao Joao del-Rei, campus Centro Oeste Dona Lindu, Rua Sebastiao Goncalves Coelho, 400, Chanadour, Divinopolis, MG 35.501-296, Brazil. Laboratorio de Pesquisa em Leishmaniose, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Av. Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21040-360, Brazil. Laboratorio de Biologia Celular, Instituto Carlos Chagas, Rua Professor Algacyr Munhoz Mader, 3.775, CIC, campus do Tecpar, bloco C, Curitiba, PR 81.350-010 Brazil.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/10/11  
  ISSN 1567-7257 (Electronic) 1567-1348 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and Google Scholar searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1455 Serial 2911  
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