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Author Afanador-Villamizar, A.; Gomez-Romero, C.; Diaz, A.; Ruiz-Saenz, J. doi  openurl
  Title Avian influenza in Latin America: A systematic review of serological and molecular studies from 2000-2015 Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 12 Issue 6 Pages e0179573  
  Keywords Birds: Avian; Avian influenza; Virus; Poultry  
  Abstract Avian influenza or bird flu is a highly contagious acute viral disease that can occur in epidemics and cross-border forms in poultry and wild birds. The characteristics of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) allow the emergence of new viral variants, some with zoonotic and pandemic potential. AIVs have been identified in Latin America; however, there is a lack of understanding of these viruses at the regional level. We performed a systematic literature review on serological or molecular evidence of AIVs circulation in Latin America. Methods were designed based on the PRISMA and STROME guidelines. Only peer-reviewed studies published between 2000 to 2015 and data was analysed based on country, viral subtype, avian species, and phylogenetic origins. From 271 studies initially found only twenty-six met our inclusion criteria. Evidence of AIVs infection was found in most Latin American countries, with Mexico as the country with the largest number of conducted studies and reported cases during the period analysed, followed by Chile and Argentina. Most of the AIVs were early reported through surveillance systems and at least 14 different subtypes of influenza viruses were reported in birds, and the presence of both low (92.9%) and high (7.1%) pathogenic AIVs was shown in Latin America. Of the reported AIVs in Latin America, 43.7% belong to migratory birds, 28.1% to local wild birds, and 28.1% to poultry. The migratory bird population mainly comprises families belonging to the orders Anseriformes and Charadriformes. We highlight the importance of epidemiological surveillance systems and the possible role of different migratory birds in the transmission of AIVs within the Americas. Our findings demonstrate the limited information on AIVs in Latin America and highlight the need of more studies on AIVs at the regional level, particularly those focused on identifying the endemic subtypes in regional wild birds.  
  Address Semillero de Investigacion en enfermedades Infecciosas – InfeKto, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Bucaramanga, Colombia. PIC – Pig Improvement Company LATAM, Queretaro, Mexico. Grupo de Investigacion en Ciencias Animales GRICA, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Bucaramanga, Colombia.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/06/21  
  ISSN 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MedLine/PubMed and SciELO-Scientific Electronic Library Online searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1432 Serial 2887  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Chatziprodromidou, I.P.; Arvanitidou, M.; Guitian, J.; Apostolou, T.; Vantarakis, G.; Vantarakis, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Global avian influenza outbreaks 2010-2016: a systematic review of their distribution, avian species and virus subtype Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Syst Rev  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 17  
  Keywords Avian flu; Chickens; Poulty; Outbreak; Wild birds  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review to investigate avian influenza outbreaks and to explore their distribution, upon avian influenza subtype, country, avian species and other relating details as no comprehensive epidemiological analysis of global avian influenza outbreaks from 2010 to 2016 exists. METHODS: Data was collated from four databases (Scopus, Web of Science Core Correlation, PubMed and SpringerLink electronic journal) and a global electronic reporting system (ProMED mail), using PRISMA and ORION systematic approaches. One hundred seventy three avian influenza virus outbreaks were identified and included in this review, alongside 198 ProMED mail reports. RESULTS: Our research identified that the majority of the reported outbreaks occurred in 2016 (22.2%). These outbreaks were located in China (13.6%) and referred to commercial poultry farms (56.1%). The most common subtype reported in these outbreaks was H5N1 (38.2%), while almost 82.5% of the subtypes were highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. There were differences noticed between ProMED mail and the scientific literature screened. CONCLUSIONS: Avian influenza virus has been proved to be able to contaminate all types of avian species, including commercial poultry farms, wild birds, backyard domestic animals, live poultry, game birds and mixed poultry. The study focused on wet markets, slaughterhouses, wild habitats, zoos and natural parks, in both developed and developing countries. The impact of avian influenza virus seems disproportionate and could potentially burden the already existing disparities in the public health domain. Therefore, a collaboration between all the involved health sectors is considered to be more than necessary.  
  Address Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece. ioannachatzi@med.upatras.gr. Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Royal Veterinary College, London, UK. Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Professionals, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Prefecture of Western Greece, Patras, Greece. Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2018/01/26  
  ISSN 2046-4053 (Electronic) 2046-4053 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Scopus, Web of Science Core Correlation, PubMed, SpringerLink electronic journal and a global electronic reporting system (ProMED mail) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1468 Serial 2923  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Mitsunaga Junior, J.K.; Gragnani, A.; Ramos, M.L.; Ferreira, L.M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Rat an experimental model for burns: a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication (up) Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia Abbreviated Journal Acta Cir Bras  
  Volume 27 Issue 6 Pages 417-423  
  Keywords Animals; Burns/pathology/physiopathology/therapy; Disease Models, Animal; Postoperative Period; Rats; Research Design; Skin/pathology  
  Abstract PURPOSE: To revise and systematize scientific knowledge of the experimental model for cutaneous burns in rats. METHODS: A bibliographical review from 2008 up to January 2011 in PubMed, EMBASE and LILACS was undertaken. Were used the keywords: animal models, burns and rats. 221 studies were identified, and 116 were selected. RESULTS: It was found that: 54/86 (62.7%) had third degree burns; 55/73 (75.3%) studied the back; 45/78 (57.6%) used heated water and 27/78 (35.9%) incandescent instruments; 39/78 (50%) studied systemic effects; 22/71 (31%) used ketamine associated with xylazine; 61/64 (95.3%) performed depilation with appropriate equipment; 36/72 (50%) used microscopy; more than 50% did not describe analgesia or antibiotics during the postoperative period; in 42/116 (36.2%) postoperative fluid therapy was performed; and the time interval after the burn, up to the beginning of the results analysis varied from 7s up to four weeks. Legislation issues on burn experiments are discussed. CONCLUSION: The hot water was the main method to induce burns those of third degree on the back, with anesthesia using ketamine and xylazine, after depilation. These were evaluated microscopically, without using analgesia or an antibiotic during the postoperative period. The studies were not very reproducible.  
  Address UNIFESP-EPM, Sao Paulo-SP, Brazil.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2012/06/06  
  ISSN 1678-2674 (Electronic) 0102-8650 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, EMBASE and LILACS searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1124 Serial 2514  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Brioudes, A.; Warner, J.; Hedlefs, R.; Gummow, B. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A review of domestic animal diseases within the Pacific Islands region Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication (up) Acta Tropica Abbreviated Journal Acta Trop  
  Volume 132 Issue Pages 23-38  
  Keywords Cats; Cattle; Dogs; Donkeys; Goats; Horses; Pigs; Swine; Poultry; Sheep  
  Abstract The Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) are reported to be free of the most serious infectious livestock diseases which are prevalent in other parts of the globe, such as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Foot and Mouth Disease or Rabies. Yet there is a lack of scientifically based evidence to confirm this animal health status. This paper reviews what has been published on diseases of domestic animals in the Pacific Islands region with a particular focus on data from the last 20 years (1992-2012). Relevant published papers were identified by a computerized literature search of two electronic databases (PubMed and Web of Knowledge). The latest reports on the animal health situation submitted by the PICTs to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) were accessed on the World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID) interface and included in this review. Additionally, paper searches of resources were undertaken at the library of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) in Fiji to retrieve any relevant grey literature for this review. The study eligibility criteria included qualitative or quantitative information on any disease (bacterial, viral, parasitic and other health disorders) affecting domestic terrestrial animals (mammals, reptiles, birds and bees) in any of the 22 PICTs members of the SPC. A total of 158 eligible references were retrieved of which only 77 (48.7%) were published since 1992 and analysed in more details. One hundred and one diseases and pathogens were reported on for bee, bird, carabao, cat, cattle, crocodile, deer, dog, donkey, goat, horse, pig, pigeon, poultry and sheep in the Oceania region and in 17 PICTs in particular. The paper gives information about known animal diseases, their reported prevalence and diseases not reported within the Pacific Islands region. The study found retrieved literature on animal diseases in PICTs was scarce and no longer up to date. There is a need to improve the published knowledge on the current animal disease status in the region.  
  Address School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Health and Molecular Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: Aurelie.Brioudes@my.jcu.edu.au. Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/01/07  
  ISSN 1873-6254 (Electronic) 0001-706X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1231 Serial 2720  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asmare, K.; Sheferaw, D.; Aragaw, K.; Abera, M.; Sibhat, B.; Haile, A.; Kiara, H.; Szonyi, B.; Skjerve, E.; Wieland, B. doi  openurl
  Title Gastrointestinal nematode infection in small ruminants in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication (up) Acta Tropica Abbreviated Journal Acta Trop  
  Volume 160 Issue Pages 68-77  
  Keywords Sheep; Ovine; Goat; Caprine; Haemonchus; Nematoda; Nematode Infections; Prevalence; Meta analysis  
  Abstract Gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections are a major health challenge affecting productive and reproductive performance of sheep and goats in Ethiopia. However, there is no comprehensive summary on the occurrence and distribution of the infection at national level. This systematic review provides pooled prevalence estimates and assesses potential predictors of the nematode infections in small ruminants, i.e. helpful in planning interventions or control strategies. The review used 50 animal level datasets retrieved from 24 manuscripts. The studies used data collected from 9407 sheep and 3478 goats. A meta-analytical approach was employed to analyze Effect size (ES). The reported GI nematodes represented eleven genera affecting sheep and goats including: Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus, Teladorsagia/Ostertagia, Strongyloides, Bunostomum, Nematodirus, Chabertia, Trichuris, Cooperia, Skrjabinema and Oesophagostomum. The GI nematodes pooled prevalence estimate in the random effect model was 75.8% (95% CI: 69.6, 80.8). The subgroup analysis revealed significant (p<0.05) differences in the prevalence between different regions and type of diagnostic methods used. 'Postmortem technique' and 'eastern part of the country' were associated with higher GI nematode prevalence and accounted for 68.1% of the between studies heterogeneity. In light of the high parasitic prevalence in all agro-ecologies, the need for strategic intervention is recommended. Meanwhile, data need to be generated for some of the regions where dependable survey reports are lacking.  
  Address School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 005, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Electronic address: ka7588@yahoo.com. School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 005, Hawassa, Ethiopia. College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Ethiopia Research Platform, Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Program, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 8146 Dep., N- 0033 Oslo, Norway.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2016/05/08  
  ISSN 1873-6254 (Electronic) 0001-706X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Web of Science, Google scholar, Cab Direct and African Journals Online searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1424 Serial 2883  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asmare, K.; Abayneh, T.; Sibhat, B.; Shiferaw, D.; Szonyi, B.; Krontveit, R.I.; Skjerve, E.; Wieland, B. doi  openurl
  Title Major vectors and vector-borne diseases in small ruminants in Ethiopia: A systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication (up) Acta Tropica Abbreviated Journal Acta Trop  
  Volume 170 Issue Pages 95-104  
  Keywords Epidemiology; Babesiosis; Ethiopia; Insect Vectors; Ruminants; Theileriasis; Ticks; Trypanosomiasis; Goats; Sheep; Vector  
  Abstract Vector-borne diseases are among major health constraints of small ruminant in Ethiopia. While various studies on single vector-borne diseases or presence of vectors have been conducted, no summarized evidence is available on the occurrence of these diseases and the related vectors. This systematic literature review provides a comprehensive summary on major vectors and vector-borne diseases in small ruminants in Ethiopia. Search for published and unpublished literature was conducted between 8th of January and 25th of June 2015. The search was both manual and electronic. The databases used in electronic search were PubMed, Web of Science, CAB Direct and AJOL. For most of the vector-borne diseases, the summary was limited to narrative synthesis due to lack of sufficient data. Meta-analysis was computed for trypanosomosis and dermatophilosis while meta-regression and sensitivity analysis was done only for trypanososmosis due to lack of sufficient reports on dermatophilosis. Owing emphasis to their vector role, ticks and flies were summarized narratively at genera/species level. In line with inclusion criteria, out of 106 initially identified research reports 43 peer-reviewed articles passed the quality assessment. Data on 7 vector-borne diseases were extracted at species and region level from each source. Accordingly, the pooled prevalence estimate of trypanosomosis was 3.7% with 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.8, 4.9), while that of dermatophilosis was 3.1% (95% CI: 1.6, 6.0). The in-between study variance noted for trypanosomosis was statistically significant (p<0.05). Among the three covariates considered for meta-regression, only one (species) fitted the final model significantly (p<0.05) and explained 65.44% of the between studies variance (R2). The prevalence in sheep (5.5%) increased nearly by 34% compared to goats (2.9%). The parasitic presence in blood was documented for babesiosis (3.7% in goats); and anaplasmosis (3.9% in sheep). Serological evidence was retrieved for bluetongue ranging from 34.1% to 46.67% in sheep, and coxiellosis was 10.4% in goats. There was also molecular evidence on the presence of theileriosis in sheep (93%, n=160) and goats (1.9%, n=265). Regarding vectors of veterinary importance, 14 species of ticks in five genera, four species of Glossina and 4 genera of biting flies were reported. Despite the evidence on presence of various vectors including ticks, flies, mosquitoes and midges, studies on vector-borne diseases in Ethiopia are surprisingly rare, especially considering risks related to climate change, which is likely to affect distribution of vectors. Thus better evidence on the current situation is urgently needed in order to prevent spread and to model future distribution scenarios.  
  Address School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 005, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Electronic address: kassahun7588@gmail.com. College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 34, Debre-Zeit, Ethiopia. College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 005, Hawassa, Ethiopia. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Norwegian Medicines Agency, P. O. Box 6167 Etterstad, N-0602, Oslo, Norway. University of Life Sciences, Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Oslo, Norway.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2017/02/19  
  ISSN 1873-6254 (Electronic) 0001-706X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Web of Science, CAB Direct and AJOL searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1460 Serial 2916  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Pratt, N.; Rajeev, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Leptospira seroprevalence in animals in the Caribbean region: A systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication (up) Acta Tropica Abbreviated Journal Acta Trop  
  Volume 182 Issue Pages 34-42  
  Keywords Dogs; Canines; Rodents; Amphibians; Cattle; Bovines; Sheep; Ovines; Goats; Caprines; Humans; Caribbean; Leptospirosis; Seroprevalence  
  Abstract This systematic review summarises the data published on the Leptospira seroprevalence, serovar diversity and distribution among animal species in the Caribbean region. Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, and checklist, relevant articles were identified and data were extracted and recorded. The review provided Leptospira seroprevalence data from 16 Caribbean islands (Barbados, Trinidad, Grenada, Puerto Rico, Saint Croix, St. Kitts and Nevis, Jamaica, Antigua, Carriacou, Dominica, Guadalupe, Martinique, Monserrat, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, and St. Vincent) in a variety of animal species. Reviewing the literature highlighted the limited amount of data available from limited number of islands. Many of the studies conducted have recorded seroprevalences based on variable and small samples sizes. Besides, serovar panels used for MAT were not consistent between studies. The review indicates that the Leptospira exposure in a given geographic location may change with time and climatic and environmental conditions, and highlights the need to conduct continual surveillance in tropical countries where the climate supports the survival of Leptospira in the environment. Specific attention must be given to standardization of MAT panels and protocols and providing training across laboratories involved in testing. Further, animal and environment testing to isolate and identify circulating Leptospira spp. in a geographic region must actively be pursued. This knowledge is important to implement geographically specific control programs, as risk factors of Leptospira transmission is favoured by various factors such as change in climatic conditions, urbanization, encroachment of wildlife inhabitation, import/export of animals, increase in adventure travel, and water related recreational activities.  
  Address Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 334, Basseterre, Saint. Kitts, West Indies. Electronic address: njpratt@hotmail.co.uk. Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 334, Basseterre, Saint. Kitts, West Indies. Electronic address: srajeev@rossvet.edu.kn.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2018/02/20  
  ISSN 1873-6254 (Electronic) 0001-706X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes EBSCOhost, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer Link, Science Direct, Wiley Online and PubMed Central searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1676 Serial 2931  
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Author Li, F.; Xu, M.; Cao, Y.C.; Sun, F.F.; Yang, X.J.; Yao, J.H.; Li, D.Q. url  openurl
  Title [Meta-analysis to optimizing dietary carbohydrate balance index in lactating dairy cow] Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication (up) Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica Abbreviated Journal Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica  
  Volume 45 Issue 9 Pages 1457-1466  
  Keywords Dairy Animals [LL110]; Animal Nutrition (General) [LL500]; Animal Nutrition (Physiology) [LL510]; Mathematics and Statistics [ZZ100]; acetates; acidosis; carbohydrate metabolism; carbohydrate modified diets; carbohydrates; cattle feeding; cows; dairy cattle; dairy cows; diets; feed conversion; forage; lactation; mathematical models; meta-analysis; milk fat; propionates; rumen; starch digestion; cattle; Bos; Bovidae; ruminants; Artiodactyla; ungulates; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; butterfat; carbohydrate modifications; metabolic acidosis; saccharides; subacute ruminal acidosis; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract The objective of the present study was to optimizing the dietary forage NDF (FNDF) and rumen degradable starch (RDS) content and ratios by using the meta-analysis in dairy cows. We collected 39 peered review manuscripts, which were related to FNDF or RDS content on rumen health and milk performance in dairy cows. In this study, we adopted FNDF to RDS ratio (CBIR) or their intake difference (CBID) as carbohydrate balance indexes (CBI), and evaluated their regression relationship to the ruminal pH, fermentation characteristics, milk fat and feed efficiency. The results revealed that the CBIR and CBID showed strong linear or quadratic correlation with the dependent variables. Dietary CBIR and CBID above 1. 28 or 1.09 kg.d-1 could minimize the risk of subacute ruminal acidosis, respectively. To obtain appropriate feed efficiency (>=1.5), milk fat (>=3.5%) and acetate to propionate ratio (2.2:1-3:1) in dairy cows, the CBID and CBIR should be set in the range of -0.42-0.99 kg.d-1 and 0.93-1.30, respectively. In this study, the appropriate CBID and CBIR ranges were calculated based on meta-analysis, the CBID and CBIR can reflect the change of rumen health and performance of dairy cow.  
  Address College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China. xnlifei@126.com yaojunhu2004@sohu.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Chinese Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0366-6964 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Science, ScienceDirect and Cambridge Online Journals searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1323 Serial 2804  
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Author Meganck, V.; Hoflack, G.; Opsomer, G. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Advances in prevention and therapy of neonatal dairy calf diarrhoea: a systematical review with emphasis on colostrum management and fluid therapy Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication (up) Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica Abbreviated Journal Acta Vet Scand  
  Volume 56 Issue Pages 75  
  Keywords Cattle; Cows; Calves; Diarrhoea  
  Abstract Neonatal calf diarrhoea remains the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in preweaned dairy calves worldwide. This complex disease can be triggered by both infectious and non-infectious causes. The four most important enteropathogens leading to neonatal dairy calf diarrhoea are Escherichia coli, rota- and coronavirus, and Cryptosporidium parvum. Besides treating diarrhoeic neonatal dairy calves, the veterinarian is the most obvious person to advise the dairy farmer on prevention and treatment of this disease. This review deals with prevention and treatment of neonatal dairy calf diarrhoea focusing on the importance of a good colostrum management and a correct fluid therapy.  
  Address Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, Merelbeke, 9820, Belgium. vanessa.meganck@ugent.be.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/11/29  
  ISSN 1751-0147 (Electronic) 0044-605X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Science searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1312 Serial 2793  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Christensen, M.B.; Eriksen, T.; Kjelgaard-Hansen, M. doi  openurl
  Title C-reactive protein: quantitative marker of surgical trauma and post-surgical complications in dogs: a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication (up) Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica Abbreviated Journal Acta Vet Scand  
  Volume 57 Issue Pages 71  
  Keywords Dogs; Canine; C-reactive protein  
  Abstract C-reactive protein (CRP) is a major acute phase protein showing increasing serum concentrations in dogs with systemic inflammation following e.g., surgery, trauma, infections, or neoplasia. CRP is a useful diagnostic marker of systemic inflammation in dogs and automated assays have been validated for reliable measurements for routine diagnostic purposes. In the present study available evidence for the use of CRP as a marker of surgery related systemic inflammation in dogs was reviewed and assessed. Two main themes were in focus: (1) canine CRP as a potential marker of postsurgical infectious complications and (2) canine CRP as a marker of the degree of surgical trauma. As outlined in the review several studies suggest that CRP is a useful marker for both purposes. However, the evidence level is limited and studies in the field are all affected by considerable risks of bias. Thus, further studies are needed in order to confirm the assumptions from previous studies and increase the level of evidence for CRP as a useful marker for detecting inflammation after surgery in dogs.  
  Address Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlaegevej 16, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark. mic@sund.ku.dk. Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlaegevej 16, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark. ter@sund.ku.dk. Novo Nordisk A/S, Novo Nordisk Park, 2760, Maaloev, Denmark. mdkh@novonordisk.com.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2015/10/21  
  ISSN 1751-0147 (Electronic) 0044-605X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Web of Science, Agris, and CAB Abstract searched Approved no  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1380 Serial 2847  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Al-Samarai, F.R. url  openurl
  Title A meta-analysis of the impact of parity on dystocia and stillbirth in Holstein cattle Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication (up) Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences Abbreviated Journal Adv Anim Vet Sci  
  Volume 2 Issue 7 Pages 381-9  
  Keywords Dairy Animals [LL110]; Animal Reproduction and Embryology [LL250]; Non-communicable Diseases and Injuries of Animals [LL860]; age at first calving; calving interval; cows; dairy cattle; dairy cows; dystocia; fetal death; parturition; complications; cattle; Bos; Bovidae; ruminants; Artiodactyla; ungulates; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; foetal death; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Dystocia and stillbirth are major factors reducing the productivity of dairy cattle. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of parity on the rates of dystocia and stillbirth. A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the impact of first parity (primiparous) and later parities (multiparous) on dystocia and stillbirth in Holstein cattle. A total of 30 and 19 papers were analyzed for evaluation of two traits. Results revealed that primiparous cattle are more susceptible to dystocia [Odds Ratio (OR)=2.68, 95% Confidence interval (CI) 2.51 to 2.85], stillbirth (OR=2.18, 95% CI 1.84 to 2.58) as compared with multiparous. These results supported the opinion about the importance of considering primiparous and multiparous as different traits in genetic evaluation and shed light on the importance of improving genetics and environment of heifers to minimize the effect of dystocia and stillbirth in Holstein cattle.  
  Address Department of Veterinary Public Health, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq. firas_rashad@yahoo.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2309-3331 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Google Scholar, CAB (Abstracts?), ISI Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?), Science Direct, SciQuest and Scirus searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010. Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1278 Serial 2765  
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Author Akhtar, A.Z.; Pippin, J.J.; Sandusky, C.B. url  openurl
  Title Animal studies in spinal cord injury: a systematic review of methylprednisolone Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication (up) Alternatives to Laboratory Animals : ATLA Abbreviated Journal Altern Lab Anim  
  Volume 37 Issue 1 Pages 43-62  
  Keywords Animals; Cats; Disease Models, Animal; Dogs; Haplorhini; Humans; Methylprednisolone/ therapeutic use; Mice; Neuroprotective Agents/ therapeutic use; Predictive Value of Tests; Rabbits; Rats; Recovery of Function; Sheep; Species Specificity; Spinal Cord Injuries/ drug therapy/physiopathology  
  Abstract The objective of this study was to examine whether animal studies can reliably be used to determine the usefulness of methylprednisolone (MP) and other treatments for acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in humans. This was achieved by performing a systematic review of animal studies on the effects of MP administration on the functional outcome of acute SCI. Data were extracted from the published articles relating to: outcome; MP dosing regimen; species/strain; number of animals; methodological quality; type of injury induction; use of anaesthesia; functional scale used; and duration of follow-up. Subgroup analyses were performed, based on species or strain, injury method, MP dosing regimen, functional outcome measured, and methodological quality. Sixty-two studies were included, which involved a wide variety of animal species and strains. Overall, beneficial effects of MP administration were obtained in 34% of the studies, no effects in 58%, and mixed results in 8%. The results were inconsistent both among and within species, even when attempts were made to detect any patterns in the results through subgroup analyses. The results of this study demonstrate the barriers to the accurate prediction from animal studies of the effectiveness of MP in the treatment of acute SCI in humans. This underscores the need for the development and implementation of validated testing methods.  
  Address Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC, USA. aysha.akhtar@oxfordanimalethics.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2009/03/19  
  ISSN 0261-1929 (Print) 0261-1929 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 611 Serial 2333  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bettauer, R.H. url  openurl
  Title Systematic review of chimpanzee use in monoclonal antibody research and drug development: 1981-2010 Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication (up) Altex Abbreviated Journal Altex  
  Volume 28 Issue 2 Pages 103-116  
  Keywords Animal Testing Alternatives; Animal Welfare; Animals; Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology; Pan troglodytes; Research Design; Chimpanzees  
  Abstract This survey examines the extent to which live chimpanzees have been used in monoclonal antibody (mAb) research and the drug approval process. The survey covers 193 scientific articles published during the years 1981-2010, as well as preclinical studies leading to the approval of mAb drugs by the Food and Drug Administration of the United States. The frequency of the articles has decreased by more than two- thirds from their highs in the late 1980's, and the aggregate number of chimpanzees used in these studies has decreased by more than 90%. The experimental protocols ranged from single or multiple blood draws to extraction of body fluids and tissue samples, and to multiple, repeated organ biopsies. Many studies involved infecting the chimpanzee(s) with pathogenic organisms and immunization and infusion protocols. Addressing the health history and status of the chimpanzees was an exception rather than the rule, and anesthesia and analgesia were mentioned only in a small minority of the surveyed articles. In the past two decades, the FDA has approved 32 mAb drugs, but only three of those drugs could be determined to involve the chimpanzee in the preclinical stage. Two of those three drugs have been withdrawn from the market due to their severe adverse effects in human patients. Available alternatives, together with ethical and economic reasons, suggest that the use of the chimpanzee in this manner may not be necessary or appropriate.  
  Address Bettauer BioMed Research, McLean, VA, USA. raija.bettauer@verizon.net  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/06/01  
  ISSN 1868-596X (Print) 1868-596X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 435 Serial 2361  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Liu, W.; Liu, Z.; Yao, Z.; Fan, Y.; Ye, X.; Chen, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The prevalence and influencing factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage in people in contact with livestock: A systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication (up) American Journal of Infection Control Abbreviated Journal Am J Infect Control  
  Volume Epublication ahead of print Issue Pages  
  Keywords Animals; Livestock; Veterinary surgeons  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is becoming a serious epidemic worldwide. Recently, studies have shown that people in contact with livestock may have a greater chance of MRSA carriage. We aimed to establish the prevalence of MRSA among people in contact with livestock and review the factors influencing MRSA carriage. METHODS: We systematically examined published epidemiologic studies on MRSA prevalence in people in contact with livestock using Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Ovid, and the Cochrane Library. Prevalence estimates were pooled using a random-effects model. Study heterogeneity was assessed using Q statistics and quantified with I2 statistics. RESULTS: Thirty-three eligible studies were included in this systematic review. Prevalence of MRSA ranged from 0.0%-85.8%. The pooled prevalence estimate of MRSA was 14.2% (95% confidence interval, 9.1%-20.1%) for people in contact with livestock. Substantial heterogeneity in eligible studies was noted (chi2 = 1,025; P < .001; I2 = 96.9%). Subgroup analysis showed the prevalence of MRSA was high in people from Europe (15.9%), farmers (18.2%), and by longitudinal study design (38.9%). Animal contact and intensity of animal contact were associated with increased risk of MRSA carriage. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that there may be transmission of MRSA between animals and humans.  
  Address Guangdong Key Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, China. Guangdong Key Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: chensidong1@126.com.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Eng Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2015/02/15  
  ISSN 1527-3296 (Electronic) 0196-6553 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Ovid (?) and the Cochrane Library searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1314 Serial 2795  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aghajafari, F.; Murphy, K.; Matthews, S.; Ohlsson, A.; Amankwah, K.; Hannah, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids in animals: a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2002 Publication (up) American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Abbreviated Journal Am J Obstet Gynecol  
  Volume 186 Issue 4 Pages 843-849  
  Keywords Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage/adverse effects; Animals; Behavior, Animal/drug effects; Betamethasone/administration & dosage/adverse effects; Birth Weight; Embryonic and Fetal Development/drug effects; Female; Fetal Growth Retardation/chemically induced; Fetal Organ Maturity; Haplorhini; Lung/embryology; Medline; Male; Mice; Placebos; Pregnancy; Rabbits; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Sheep  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to assess the effects of repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids on lung and brain function and on growth restriction in animals. STUDY DESIGN: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for randomized controlled trials that compared repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids versus a single dose, with or without placebo, in pregnant animals. RESULTS: Nineteen studies were included. The animals that were studied included sheep, monkeys, rabbits, and mice. There were 8 studies that assessed the effects of repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids on lung function. All the studies reported improvement in lung function after repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids. Seven studies investigated the effects of repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids on brain or nervous system function or growth; all the studies found adverse effects with repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids. Eleven studies looked at the effect of repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids on fetal growth. Nine studies found evidence of fetal growth restriction with repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids. One study assessed long-term behavioral outcomes in mice and found no effect. CONCLUSION: Evidence from randomized controlled trials in animals suggests that repeated doses of antenatal corticosteroids may have beneficial effects in terms of lung function but may have adverse effects on brain function and fetal growth. Because of the differences between animals and humans, it is difficult to extrapolate directly the results of these studies to humans. Therefore, randomized controlled trials in humans are needed to assess the effects of repeated courses of antenatal corticosteroids for pregnant women who are at increased risk of preterm birth in terms of important perinatal, neonatal, and maternal outcomes.  
  Address Institute of Medical Sciences, Maternal, Infant and Reproductive Health Research Unit, Center for Research in Women's Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Center, University of Toronto, Ontario.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2002/04/23  
  ISSN 0002-9378 (Print) 0002-9378 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MEDLINE and Embase searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 503 Serial 2332  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author DeDonder, K.D.; Apley, M.D. doi  openurl
  Title A literature review of antimicrobial resistance in Pathogens associated with bovine respiratory disease Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication (up) Anim Health Research Reviews Abbreviated Journal Anim Health Res Rev  
  Volume 16 Issue 2 Pages 125-134  
  Keywords Cattle; Bovines; Bovine respiratory disease; Antimicrobial resistance  
  Abstract The objective of this paper was to perform a critical review of the literature as it pertains to the current status of antimicrobial resistance in pathogens associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in beef cattle and to provide a concise yet informative narrative on the most relevant publications available. As such, the scientific literature contained in PubMed, AGRICOLA, and CAB were searched in February of 2014 for articles related to susceptibility testing of Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, and Histophilus somni from cases of BRD. Titles and abstracts were read and 105 articles that were relevant to the subject of BRD antibiotic resistance were attained for further review. After the application of exclusion criterion (publications must have originated from North America, be in English, adhere to standards set forth by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, and be concerning antimicrobial resistance in BRD in beef cattle), 16 articles remained and are the focus of this publication. Due to the disparate data from the few studies that investigate susceptibility testing of BRD pathogens, a quantitative assessment or meta-analysis was not performed on the studies presented in this review. However, considering diagnostic lab data, there appears to be a clear trend of a decrease in susceptibility of the three major BRD pathogens to the antimicrobials used commonly for treatment and control of BRD. Studies performing sensitivity testing on healthy cattle report much lower resistance, but it remains unclear if this is because of a true lack of resistance mechanisms, or if the isolates do contain quiescent genes for resistance that are only phenotypically expressed following the administration of an antimicrobial for either treatment or control of BRD. Future research to address this question of genotype and phenotypic expression before and after antimicrobial administration will further advance our knowledge in this area.  
  Address Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology,Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine,KS 66506,USA. Clinical Sciences,Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine,KS 66506,USA.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2015/09/17  
  ISSN 1475-2654 (Electronic) 1466-2523 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, AGRICOLA, and CAB searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1386 Serial 2852  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Andretta, I.; Kipper, M.; Lehnen, C.R.; Hauschild, L.; Vale, M.M.; Lovatto, P.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Meta-analytical study of productive and nutritional interactions of mycotoxins in growing pigs Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication (up) Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience Abbreviated Journal Animal  
  Volume 6 Issue 9 Pages 1476-1482  
  Keywords Age Factors; Animal Feed/analysis/microbiology; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Feeding Behavior/drug effects; Female; Food Contamination; Male; Mycotoxins/metabolism/toxicity; Organ Size/drug effects; Sex Factors; Swine/growth & development/microbiology/physiology; Weight Gain/drug effects; Pigs; Swine  
  Abstract A meta-analysis was carried out in order to study the association of mycotoxins with performance and organ weights in growing pigs. A total of 85 articles published between 1968 and 2010 were used, totaling 1012 treatments and 13 196 animals. The meta-analysis followed three sequential analyses: graphical, correlation and variance-covariance. The presence of mycotoxins in diets was seen to reduce the feed intake by 18% and the weight gain in 21% compared with the control group. Deoxynivalenol and aflatoxins were the mycotoxins with the greatest impact on the feed intake and growth of pigs, reducing by 26% and 16% in the feed intake and by 26% and 22% in the weight gain. The mycotoxin concentration in diets and the animal age at challenge were the variables that more improved the coefficient of determination in equations for estimating the effect of mycotoxins on weight gain. The mycotoxin effect on growth proved to be greater in younger animals. In addition, the residual analysis showed that the greater part of the variation in weight gain was explained by the variation in feed intake (87%). The protein and methionine levels in diets could influence the feed intake and the weight gain in challenged animals. The weight gain in challenged pigs showed a positive correlation with the methionine level in diets (0.68). The mycotoxin effect on growth was greater in males compared with the effect on females. The reduction in weight gain was of 15% in the female group and 19% in the male group. Mycotoxin presence in pig diets has interfered in the relative weight of the liver, the kidneys and the heart. Mycotoxins have an influence on performance and organ weight in pigs. However, the magnitude of the effects varies with the type and concentration of mycotoxin, sex and the animal age, as well as nutritional factors.  
  Address Grupo de Modelagem Animal, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS 97105-900, Brazil. iandretta@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2012/10/04  
  ISSN 1751-732X (Electronic) 1751-7311 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Google Scholar, HighWire, ScienceDirect Scopus, Scielo and PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 862 Serial 2335  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Averos, X.; Brossard, L.; Dourmad, J.Y.; de Greef, K.H.; Edwards, S.A.; Meunier-Salaun, M.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Meta-analysis on the effects of the physical environment, animal traits, feeder and feed characteristics on the feeding behaviour and performance of growing-finishing pigs Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication (up) Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience Abbreviated Journal Animal  
  Volume 6 Issue 8 Pages 1275-1289  
  Keywords Animal Feed/analysis; Animals; Body Weight; Feeding Behavior/physiology; Feeding Methods/instrumentation; Female; Housing, Animal; Male; Models, Biological; Regression Analysis; Sex Factors; Species Specificity; Sus scrofa/growth & development; Temperature; Time Factors; Pigs; Swine  
  Abstract A meta-analysis, using information from 45 experiments on growing-finishing pigs published in 39 manuscripts, was carried out to determine the simultaneous effects of the physical environment (space allowance, group size, flooring conditions, temperature, presence of enrichment), pig traits (initial body weight (BW) for each studied time interval, sex, genetics), feeder characteristics (water provision within the feeder, feeder design (individual/collective), feeder places/pig, presence of feeder protection) and feed characteristics (feed allowance (ad libitum/restricted), net energy content, crude protein (CP) content), as well as their potential interactions, on the feeding behaviour and performance of growing-finishing pigs. The detrimental effect of low temperature on performance was particularly evident for restricted-fed pigs (P < 0.05). At reduced feeder space allowance, a reduction in the percentage of time spent eating was predicted when increasing initial BW, whereas the opposite was predicted for larger feeder space allowances (P < 0.001). The reduction in visit duration to the feeder in higher BW groups became gradually more important with increasing feeder space allowance (P < 0.01), whereas the increase in the ingestion rate and average daily feed intake (ADFI) with increasing initial BW became smaller with increasing feeder space (P < 0.05). The model predicted a reduction in feed conversion ratio (FCR) with increasing group size (P < 0.05) and floor space allowance (P < 0.01) and on solid floors with or without bedding (P < 0.05). In comparison with other feeders, wet/dry feeders were associated with more frequent but shorter feeder visits (P < 0.05), higher ingestion rates (P < 0.001) and higher ADFI (P < 0.10). The use of protection within individual feeders increased the time spent feeding (P < 0.001), reduced the number of visits per day (P < 0.01), the ingestion rate (P < 0.001) and FCR (P < 0.01) in comparison with other feeder types. Sex modulated the effect of the number of feeder places/pig on FCR (P < 0.05), with a gradual reduction of FCR in entire males and females when increasing feeder space allowance. Genetics tended to modulate the effect of diets' CP content on FCR (P < 0.10). Overall, these results may contribute to the improvement of the welfare and performance of growing-finishing pigs by a better knowledge of the influence of the rearing environment and may help optimize the feeding strategies in current production systems.  
  Address INRA, UMR1079 Systemes d'Elevage Nutrition Animale et Humaine, F-35590 Saint-Gilles, France.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2012/12/12  
  ISSN 1751-732X (Electronic) 1751-7311 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 860 Serial 2342  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Averos, X.; Brossard, L.; Dourmad, J.Y.; Greef, K.H. de; Edge, H.L.; Edwards, S.A.; Meunier-Salaun, M.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Quantitative assessment of the effects of space allowance, group size and floor characteristics on the lying behaviour of growing-finishing pigs Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication (up) Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience Abbreviated Journal Animal  
  Volume 4 Issue 5 Pages 777-783  
  Keywords Animal Welfare [LL810]; Information and Documentation [CC300]; Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; animal housing; animal welfare; body weight; effects; floors; group size; interactions; models; publications; research; slatted floors; space requirements; temperature; pigs; Sus scrofa; Sus; Suidae; Suiformes; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; animal rights; flooring; hogs; scientific publications; studies; swine; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract To obtain quantitative information that can be later used in animal welfare modelling, the relationship between the lying behaviour of growing-finishing pigs (initial body weight (BW) between 19 and 87 kg) and different factors related to the housing conditions, with a potential negative effect on their welfare, was studied by means of a meta-analytical approach. Data from 22 experiments reported in 21 scientific publications were collected. The space allowance, expressed on an allometric basis by means of a k-value (m2/BW0.667), the group size (n) and the floor characteristics (fully and partly slatted v. non-slatted floor), as well as their significant two-way interactions were used as fixed effects, and the experiment was used as a random factor to take into account the interexperiment effect. Further regression analyses were performed on the predicted values of observations in order to improve the adjustment of data. A significant quadratic relationship was established between space allowance (k-value, P<0.05; squared k-value, P<0.01) and the percentage of time spent lying. A significant interaction between the k-value and the floor type was also found (P<0.05), showing that the relationship between space allowance and lying behaviour is affected by the presence or absence of slats. Threshold k-values were obtained using broken-line analyses, being about 0.039 for slatted floors and almost double for non-slatted floors. Compared to other studies, these values suggest that the ability to rest as space availability decreases may be compromised before a reduced performance becomes apparent. Group size did not show a significant effect. Additional information should be added to the model, as further data become available, to adjust the proposed parameters as well as to try to include the effect of other important aspects such as that of ambient temperature.  
  Address INRA, UMR1079 Systemes d'Elevage Nutrition Animale et Humaine, F-35590 Saint-Gilles, France. Ludovic.Brossard@rennes.inra.fr  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1751-7311 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 290 Serial 2344  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Batorek, N.; Candek-Potokar, M.; Bonneau, M.; Van Milgen, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Meta-analysis of the effect of immunocastration on production performance, reproductive organs and boar taint compounds in pigs Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication (up) Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience Abbreviated Journal Animal  
  Volume 6 Issue 8 Pages 1330-1338  
  Keywords Androsterone/metabolism; Animals; Genitalia, Male/growth & development; Male; Meat/standards; Orchiectomy/methods/veterinary; Skatole/metabolism; Sus scrofa/growth & development/surgery; Pigs; Swine  
  Abstract Meta-analytical approach was used to quantitatively synthesize the effect of immunocastration on growth, carcass, meat quality, reproductive organs and boar taint compounds. Altogether, 41 papers were collected for effect size (theta) calculation and the comparisons were made with entire males (EM) and surgical castrates (SC). The data for reproductive organs and growth performance are numerous enough to draw firm conclusions. In contrast, data for carcass and meat quality are more limited. Results of meta-analysis show efficient immunocastration with the magnitude of the response being by far the largest for reproductive organs (theta = -2.8 to -5.0) and boar taint substances (theta = -2.8 and -0.8 for androstenone and skatole, respectively). However, compared with SC, the immunocastrates exhibit larger bulbourethral glands (theta = 1.3) and slightly higher concentrations of androstenone and skatole (theta = 0.1 and theta = 0.2, respectively). The impact of immunocastration is also remarkable on performance, where the main advantage of the immunocastrates is their boar-like performance until revaccination. In the period following the second vaccination, they eat much more than EM (theta = 2.1), resulting in large effect size for growth rate compared with both EM and SC (theta = 1.1 and theta = 1.4, respectively). Considering the whole fattening period, their feed conversion ratio is higher compared with EM (theta = 0.6) and much lower than that of SC (theta = -1.3), although exhibiting moderately faster growth compared with both (theta = 0.6 and theta = 0.2, respectively). With regard to carcass quality, the immunocastrates take intermediate position between EM and SC. Besides, our analysis suggests no difference in meat quality with SC and some meat quality advantages of immunocastrates over EM because of higher intramuscular fat content (theta = 0.4) and lower shear force (theta = -0.6).  
  Address Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Hacquetova 17, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2012/12/12  
  ISSN 1751-732X (Electronic) 1751-7311 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Science, CAB Abstracts and “Internet” searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 859 Serial 2352  
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