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Author Abrahao, R.M.C.M.; Nogueira, P.A.; Malucelli, M.I.C. url  openurl
  Title [Meat and milk black market – bovine tuberculosis] Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Archives of Veterinary Science Abbreviated Journal Arch Vet Sci  
  Volume 10 Issue 2 Pages 1-17  
  Keywords Milk and Dairy Produce [QQ010]; Meat Produce [QQ030]; Food Contamination, Residues and Toxicology [QQ200]; Prion, Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens of Humans [VV210]; beef; disease transmission; food contamination; food hygiene; food safety; meat hygiene; milk; milk hygiene; reviews; zoonoses; Mycobacterium bovis; Brazil; Sao Paulo; Mycobacterium; Mycobacteriaceae; Firmicutes; bacteria; prokaryotes; South America; America; Developing Countries; Threshold Countries; Latin America; bovine tuberculosis; food contaminants; zoonotic infections; cattle; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract The contaminated meat and milk of cattle can transmit several diseases, like bovine tuberculosis, to humans. These diseases are usually zoonotic and occur worldwide causing losses in cattle farms and risking the health of the consumers. The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of the meat and milk black market in Brazil. A bibliographical review of national and international publications was carried out by consulting Acervo, Higeia, Dedalus, Medline, Lilacs and Cab-abstract databases, besides the internet and newspaper articles. In this study, the aspects concerning the importance of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis in man and animals is approached since its magnitude is still unknown in Brazil. It was observed that the meat and milk black markets needs urgent adoption of sanitary measures since they are one of causes of the public health problems in the country.  
  Address Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. remabra@usp.br  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 1517-784x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Acervo, Higeia, Dedalus, MEDLINE, LILACS and CAB Abstracts searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 282 Serial 2327  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aerni, V.; Brinkhof, M.W.G.; Wechsler, B.; Oester, H.; Frohlich, E. url  openurl
  Title Productivity and mortality of laying hens in aviaries: a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication World's Poultry Science Journal Abbreviated Journal World Poultry Sci J  
  Volume 61 Issue 1 Pages 130-142, 146, 150, 154, 159, 163  
  Keywords Egg Producing Animals [LL130]; Animal Husbandry and Production [LL180]; Animal Physiology and Biochemistry (Excluding Nutrition) [LL600]; Eggs and Egg Products [QQ040]; Food Composition and Quality [QQ500]; animal housing; aviaries; beak; cages; cannibalism; egg mass; egg weight; feed conversion efficiency; feed intake; hens; laying performance; mortality; poultry; productivity; reviews; strain differences; fowls; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; birds; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; chickens; death rate; domesticated birds; laying characters; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract A systematic review of investigations on productivity, mortality and cannibalism of laying hens housed in aviaries is presented. In Part One we reviewed the studies that compared these parameters between laying hens housed in aviaries and in conventional cages. In Part Two we investigated the relative impact of strain, beak trimming and rearing condition on productivity and mortality in aviaries. The comparative analysis revealed that aviary hens consumed 3.0% more food than caged hens, and food conversion was 6.7% higher in aviaries than in cages. On the other hand, the mortality rate and cannibalism rate did not differ significantly between the two housing systems. The analysis of causes of variation in productivity, mortality rate and cannibalism rate in aviaries revealed a strong effect of strain. Beak trimming was associated with a reduced prevalence of cannibalism rates but had no effect on overall mortality. It also reduced egg weight and food consumption. Early access to litter during the rearing period had a positive effect on egg weight; egg mass, food conversion and mortality rate. In conclusion, we found a slightly reduced productivity of aviaries in relation to cages although the mortality rates and the prevalence of cannibalism did not differ between these housing systems. To further improve productivity and reduce mortality of hens housed in aviaries we recommend the choice of suitable strains and the implementation of improved rearing conditions including early access to litter.  
  Address Bachlerenweg 20, CH-3044 Sariswil, Switzerland. vera.aerni@bluewin.ch  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0043-9339 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Science searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 285 Serial 2331  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Araujo, R.B.; Faria, D.E. de; Faria Filho, D.E. de; Lima, C.G. de; Trevisan, R.B.; Souza, K.M.R. de; Sakamoto, M.I.; Souza, V.N. de url  openurl
  Title [Response surface models to predict broiler performance and elaborate economic analysis] Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Revista Brasileira de Saude e Producao Animal Abbreviated Journal Rev Bras Saude Prod An, Salvador  
  Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 770-783  
  Keywords Agricultural Economics [EE110]; Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Techniques and Methodology [ZZ900]; broiler performance; broilers; economic analysis; feed conversion; liveweight gain; models; poultry; poultry farming; systematic reviews; fowls; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; birds; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; chickens; domesticated birds; liveweight gains; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract The study was carried out to elaborate response surface models through broiler performance data recovered from literature in order to predict performance and develop economic analysis. Three hundred and twenty eight studies published between 2005 and 2009 were retrieved using the systematic review of literature method. Average weight gain and feed intake data were collected from twelve studies that fulfilled the preestablished inclusion criteria, and response surface models were adjusted with metabolizable energy, environmental temperature, and slaughter age as independent variables. The models for weight gain (R2=0.88) and feed conversion (R2=0.87) were accurate, precise, and not biased. There was no interaction between metabolizable energy and environmental temperature on weight gain and feed intake. The independent variables age and temperature showed interaction for weight gain and feed conversion, whereas the interaction between age and metabolizable energy was detected only for weight gain. It was possible to elaborate economic analysis to determine maximum profit, as a function of the variables included in the model, in different market situations determined by changes in broiler and feed prices. Response surface models are effective to predict broiler chickens performance and allow the development of economic analysis to optimize profitability according to market prices.  
  Address Universidade de Sao Paulo, Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos, Departamento de Zootecnia, Pirassununga, Sao Paulo, Brazil. raquel_bighetti@yahoo.com.br  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 1519-9940 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Biological Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE and SciELO searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 288 Serial 2339  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Averos, X.; Brossard, L.; Dourmad, J.Y.; Greef, K.H. de; Edge, H.L.; Edwards, S.A.; Meunier-Salaun, M.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A meta-analysis of the combined effect of housing and environmental enrichment characteristics on the behaviour and performance of pigs Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Applied Animal Behaviour Science Abbreviated Journal Appl Anim Behav Sci  
  Volume 127 Issue 3/4 Pages 73-85  
  Keywords Animal Behaviour [LL300]; Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; analysis; animal behaviour; animal housing; determination; effects; enrichment; estimation; group size; models; productivity; social behaviour; pigs; Sus scrofa; Sus; Suidae; Suiformes; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; animal behavior; behavior; hogs; social behavior; swine; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract To quantify the combined effect of housing conditions and environmental enrichment on the behaviour and performance of pigs, a meta-analysis was performed using information from 45 experiments in 42 published manuscripts. Multiple regression models were applied to evaluate the effects of space allowance per pig (k-value; m2/BW0.667), group size (n), floor characteristics (solid, partly, or totally slatted floor), bedding (presence or absence), and the number and presentation sequence of point-source objects (no object, one object, two simultaneous objects, two alternated objects, three or more simultaneous objects or three or more alternated objects) on the general activity, enrichment and object-directed exploratory behaviour, social behaviour, and productive performance. A non-linear relationship between space allowance per pig and time spent sitting and lying was found (P<0.10 and P<0.01 for the k-value and its quadratic term respectively). Total time spent in exploration increased with space allowance per pig when bedding was present (P<0.01), and time spent exploring other pen items decreased with increasing space allowance per pig if no bedding was provided (P<0.001). Total time spent in exploration increased with group size (P<0.001). The lowest predicted total exploration time (least squares mean+or-standard error) was found in the absence of bedding and point-source objects (13+or-3%; P<0.05), and the highest when bedding (18+or-3%) or point-source objects (19+or-3%) were present. Time exploring point-source objects was higher when different objects were provided (P<0.001). Suspended (P<0.05) and deformable (P<0.05) enrichment items increased the time spent manipulating them. Time spent exploring point-source objects was predicted to be higher in the absence of slats and bedding (32+or-6%; P<0.05), and lower when bedding (8+or-9%) or slats (12+or-4%) were present. Time engaged in negative social behaviours decreased in the presence of point-source objects (P<0.01), and increased with group size in the absence of bedding (P<0.001). Time engaged in positive social behaviours tended to decrease in the presence of point-source objects (P<0.10), and when space allowance per pig increased in the absence of bedding (P<0.10). Slight trends towards lower FCR were predicted when point-source objects (P<0.10) and bedding (P=0.10) were present. This information can be utilised in the determination of the general effects of production systems on the welfare of pigs as well as in the development of new production systems.  
  Address INRA, UMR1079 Systemes d'Elevage Nutrition Animale et Humaine, F-35590 Saint-Gilles, France. Xavier.Averos@rennes.inra.fr  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0168-1591 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 289 Serial 2343  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Averos, X.; Brossard, L.; Dourmad, J.Y.; Greef, K.H. de; Edge, H.L.; Edwards, S.A.; Meunier-Salaun, M.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Quantitative assessment of the effects of space allowance, group size and floor characteristics on the lying behaviour of growing-finishing pigs Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience Abbreviated Journal Animal  
  Volume 4 Issue 5 Pages 777-783  
  Keywords Animal Welfare [LL810]; Information and Documentation [CC300]; Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; animal housing; animal welfare; body weight; effects; floors; group size; interactions; models; publications; research; slatted floors; space requirements; temperature; pigs; Sus scrofa; Sus; Suidae; Suiformes; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; animal rights; flooring; hogs; scientific publications; studies; swine; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract To obtain quantitative information that can be later used in animal welfare modelling, the relationship between the lying behaviour of growing-finishing pigs (initial body weight (BW) between 19 and 87 kg) and different factors related to the housing conditions, with a potential negative effect on their welfare, was studied by means of a meta-analytical approach. Data from 22 experiments reported in 21 scientific publications were collected. The space allowance, expressed on an allometric basis by means of a k-value (m2/BW0.667), the group size (n) and the floor characteristics (fully and partly slatted v. non-slatted floor), as well as their significant two-way interactions were used as fixed effects, and the experiment was used as a random factor to take into account the interexperiment effect. Further regression analyses were performed on the predicted values of observations in order to improve the adjustment of data. A significant quadratic relationship was established between space allowance (k-value, P<0.05; squared k-value, P<0.01) and the percentage of time spent lying. A significant interaction between the k-value and the floor type was also found (P<0.05), showing that the relationship between space allowance and lying behaviour is affected by the presence or absence of slats. Threshold k-values were obtained using broken-line analyses, being about 0.039 for slatted floors and almost double for non-slatted floors. Compared to other studies, these values suggest that the ability to rest as space availability decreases may be compromised before a reduced performance becomes apparent. Group size did not show a significant effect. Additional information should be added to the model, as further data become available, to adjust the proposed parameters as well as to try to include the effect of other important aspects such as that of ambient temperature.  
  Address INRA, UMR1079 Systemes d'Elevage Nutrition Animale et Humaine, F-35590 Saint-Gilles, France. Ludovic.Brossard@rennes.inra.fr  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 1751-7311 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 290 Serial 2344  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bettley, C.D.; Cardwell, J.M.; Collins, L.M.; Asher, L. url  openurl
  Title A review of scientific literature on inherited disorders in domestic horse breeds Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Animal Welfare Abbreviated Journal Anim Welf  
  Volume 21 Issue 1 Pages 59-64  
  Keywords Animal Welfare [LL810]; Information and Documentation [CC300]; Animal Genetics and Breeding [LL240]; Non-communicable Diseases and Injuries of Animals [LL860]; animal welfare; breeds; databases; hereditary diseases; horse breeds; inheritance; quality of life; research; reviews; standardization; terminology; animals; Equus; horses; eukaryotes; Equidae; Perissodactyla; ungulates; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animal breed; animal breeds; animal rights; data banks; studies; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract The full extent to which inherited disorders occur in different breeds of domestic horse (Equus caballus) has not been previously been investigated. A systematic search was carried out to review scientific literature on inherited disorders in domestic horse breeds and examine patterns in potentially inherited disorders. A two-part search was conducted: (i) electronic bibliographic databases for published studies; and (ii) existing online databases of inherited disorders in animals. A total of 230 papers were identified, discussing 102 inherited disorders in the horse. Few cases (17) were found in which disorders were reported to have a direct link to a conformational or phenotypic trait. Forty-nine breeds of domestic horse were described as being predisposed to one or more inherited disorders, but such predispositions did not distinguish between genetic or environmental causes. There were few patterns in the number of disorders to which breeds were reportedly predisposed or in the extent to which disorders were researched. The structure and grouping of disorders presented here could assist with standardisation in the terminology used for describing inherited disorders.  
  Address Preston Vets4Pets, 90 Moor Lane, Preston, Lancashire PR1 1JQ, UK. lucy.asher@nottingham.ac.uk  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0962-7286 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Web of Science and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 528 Serial 2362  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bucher, O.; Rajic, A.; Waddell, L.A.; Greig, J.; McEwen, S.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Do any spray or dip treatments, applied on broiler chicken carcasses or carcass parts, reduce Salmonella spp. prevalence and/or concentration during primary processing? A systematic review-meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Food Control Abbreviated Journal Food Contr  
  Volume 27 Issue 2 Pages 351-361  
  Keywords Meat Produce [QQ030]; Information and Documentation [CC300]; Techniques and Methodology [ZZ900]; Food Processing (General) [QQ100]; Food Contamination, Residues and Toxicology [QQ200]; Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Food Service [QQ700]; broilers; carcasses; characterization; data analysis; databases; evaluation; food safety; lactic acid; meat; meta-analysis; methodology; pilot projects; poultry; processing; randomized controlled trials; research; reviews; fowls; Salmonella; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; birds; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Gammaproteobacteria; Proteobacteria; Bacteria; prokaryotes; bacterium; chickens; data banks; domesticated birds; lactate; methods; studies; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Context: Broiler chicken carcass spray and dip treatments are just two of many different interventions investigated to address the need to reduce Salmonella prevalence and concentration on broiler chicken carcasses during processing. However the results of published research are inconsistent and sometimes contradictory creating a need to formally evaluate, synthesize and summarize available research to avoid recommending ineffective treatments and identify key knowledge gaps for future work. Objective: Evaluate intervention research that measured the efficacy of various spray and dip treatments, applied on broiler chicken carcasses during primary processing, as Salmonella prevalence or concentration on broiler carcasses, using systematic review-meta-analysis (SR-MA). Data sources: A comprehensive electronic search was implemented in six databases and verified through a manual search of topic-related reference lists, related reviews or book chapters, and through consultations with selected topic experts. Study inclusion: Control and challenge trials, cohort and before-and-after intervention research published in English that investigated the efficacy of any spray or dip treatments, applied to broiler chicken carcasses or carcass parts during processing, on Salmonella prevalence or concentration measured at the same level under laboratory, pilot plant and commercial conditions. Risk of bias assessment and data extraction: Relevant research was evaluated for methodological soundness and completeness of reporting. The main characteristics of each study included in the review were extracted. Data analysis: Random-effects MA of trisodium phosphate and lactic acid dip treatments (n=12 and n=32 trials with prevalence outcomes, respectively) resulted in homogeneous (p-value=0.469; I2=0.0% and p-value=0.284; I2=11.4%, respectively) summary effect estimates (OR=1.16; 95% CI: 0.59-2.26 and OR=0.05; 95% CI: 0.03-0.10, respectively). Visual evaluation of MA forest plots indicated overall reduction trends for six spray treatments reporting concentration outcomes: trisodium phosphate (n=48 trials), acidic electrolyzed oxidizing water (n=2), cetylpyridinium chloride (n=43), lactic acid (n=24), sodium bisulfate (n=11) and potable water (n=36). Moderate to considerable heterogeneity (p-value <=0.1 and I2>25%) was observed for these treatments. Methodological soundness of included studies was poor and a lack of studies conducted under commercial conditions was observed. Conclusions: Existing research on the efficacy of broiler carcass dips or sprays on Salmonella prevalence or concentration is limited and heterogeneous, precluding the full benefits of robust meta-analyses. Larger randomized controlled trials conducted under commercial conditions are needed.  
  Address Department of Population Medicine, 2509 Stewart Building, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada. arajic@uoguelph.ca  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0956-7135 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes AGRICOLA, CAB, CAB Global Health, Current Contents, MEDLINE and Scopus searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 533 Serial 2367  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Caja, G.; Roca, X.; Salama, A.K.K. url  isbn
openurl 
  Title [A meta-analysis for comparing dry matter intake prediction models in dairy goats] Type Book Chapter
  Year 2011 Publication XIV Jornadas sobre Produccion Animal, Zaragoza, Espana, 17 y 18 de mayo de 2011 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 216-218  
  Keywords Dairy Animals [LL110]; Animal Nutrition (Production Responses) [LL520]; Mathematics and Statistics [ZZ100]; body weight; dairy performance; dry matter; feed intake; meta-analysis; milk fat; milk yield; milk yielding animals; models; performance traits; goats; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Currently available models for dairy goats (INRA, 2007; NRC, 2007; Avondo et al., 2008) estimated dry matter intake (DMI) from body weight (BW) and milk yield (MY). A model comparison for similar BW showed marked differences in predicted DMI depending on MY (0 to 6 L/d). A meta-analysis of dairy goat intake data published in 125 papers indexed in PubMed and Science Direct was done, resulting in a total of 219 values normally distributed. Milk yield was standardized to 3.5% milk fat (MY3.5%). Goat performances ranged from 29.0 to 85.5 kg BW, 0.4 to 6.2 L/d MY3.5% and 0.8 to 3.5 kg DMI/d. Prediction models were (+or-SEM; P<0.001): DMI (+or-0.099)=1.233+0.370 x MY3.5%; R2=0.69 DMI (+or-0.075)=0.553+0.277 x MY3.5%+0.018 x BW; R2=0.76 The meta-analysis models showed the lowest error of prediction (-0.030 kg DM/d), being lower than those of the Avondo et al. (-0.092 kg DM/d) and INRA (-0.101 kg DM/d) models. On the contrary, the NRC overestimated intake (+0.185 kg DM/d).  
  Address Grup de Recerca en Remugants (G2R), Departament de Ciencia Animal i dels Aliments, Facultat de Veterinaria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain. gerardo.caja@uab.es  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Asociacion Interprofesional para el Desarrollo Agrario Place of Publication Zaragoza Editor  
  Language Spanish Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title XIV Jornadas sobre Produccion Animal, Zaragoza, Espana, 17 y 18 de mayo de 2011  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-615-0062-8 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and Science Direct searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 296 Serial 2370  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Collins, S.A.; Overland, M.; Skrede, A.; Drew, M.D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effect of plant protein sources on growth rate in salmonids: meta-analysis of dietary inclusion of soybean, pea and canola/rapeseed meals and protein concentrates Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Aquaculture Abbreviated Journal Aquaculture  
  Volume 400 Issue 401 Pages 85-100  
  Keywords Animal Nutrition (General) [LL500]; Forage and Feed Products (Non-human) [RR000]; Aquaculture (Animals) [MM120]; Field Crops [FF005]; animal feeding; aquaculture; aquatic animals; aquatic organisms; composition; concentrates; data analysis; diets; feeding; feeds; growth rate; meal; meta-analysis; oilmeals; pea meal; plant protein; protein concentrates; protein sources; rapeseed; rapeseed oilmeal; research; soya protein; soyabean oilmeal; soyabeans; Glycine (Fabaceae); Salmonidae; Salmoniformes; Osteichthyes; fishes; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; Papilionoideae; Fabaceae; Fabales; dicotyledons; angiosperms; Spermatophyta; plants; aquatic species; feeding stuffs; protein feeds; soy protein; soyabean protein; soybean oilmeal; soybean protein; soybeans; studies; vegetable protein; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Six parallel meta-analyses were conducted to determine the effect of the dietary inclusion rate of pea meal (PM), pea protein concentrate (PPC), soybean meal (SBM), soy protein concentrate (SPC), canola/rapeseed meal (CM) and canola/rapeseed protein concentrate (CPC) on the specific growth rate (SGR) of salmonid fish. From 1794 growth studies involving the feeding of these six test ingredients to salmonid fish, 45 studies were selected for inclusion in the meta-analysis. The relationship between SGR and the dietary inclusion level of plant-based feed ingredients was calculated using Cohen's d (CD), which measures differences between control and experimental means. The results of these meta-analyses showed an increase in the dietary inclusion of SBM, SPC, CM and CPC (not PM or PPC) leads to a significant reduction in SGR. Weighted regressions of inclusion level for each test ingredient on effect size showed significant, negative linear relationships between SGR and dietary inclusions of SBM, SPC, CM and CPC. For PM and PPC, there was no significant relationship between SGR and inclusion rate. The results suggest that the effect of plant ingredients on growth performance of salmonids depends on the specific ingredients and their inclusion levels. The higher effect sizes observed when ingredients are fed at lower inclusion levels and lack of significant impact of feeding mixed diets suggest that feeding low levels of several ingredients might be beneficial.  
  Address Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A8, Canada. murray.drew@usask.ca  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) and SCIRUS searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1109 Serial 2378  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Downs, S.H.; Parry, J.; Nunez-Garcia, J.; Abernethy, D.A.; Broughan, J.M.; Cameron, A.R.; Cook, A.J.; Rua-Domenech, R. de la; Goodchild, A.V.; Greiner, M.; Gunn, J.; More, S.J.; Rhodes, S.; Rolfe, S.; Sharp, M.; Upton, P.; Vordermeier, H.M.; Watson, E.; Welsh, M.; Whelan, A.O.; Woolliams, J.A.; Clifton-Hadley, R.S. isbn  openurl
  Title Meta-analysis of diagnostic test performance and modelling of testing strategies for control of bovine tuberculosis in GB Type Book Chapter
  Year 2011 Publication Proceedings of the Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Leipzig, Germany, 23 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 139-153  
  Keywords Dairy Animals [LL110]; Prion, Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens of Animals [LL821]; Diagnosis of Animal Diseases [LL886]; Mathematics and Statistics [ZZ100]; control programmes; cows; dairy cattle; dairy cows; dairy herds; diagnosis; diagnostic techniques; disease control; disease prevalence; disease prevention; disease transmission; epidemiology; estimates; mathematical models; meta-analysis; monitoring; probability; risk; statistical analysis; tuberculosis; cattle; Mycobacterium bovis; UK; Bos; Bovidae; ruminants; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; Mycobacterium; Mycobacteriaceae; Corynebacterineae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteridae; Actinobacteria; Bacteria; prokaryotes; British Isles; Western Europe; Europe; Commonwealth of Nations; Developed Countries; European Union Countries; OECD Countries; cattle; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract The British Government spends over <pounds>100 million per annum on the control of bovine tuberculosis (bTB). Improvement in the control through targeted use of diagnostic tests is one focus of eradication plans. The aims were: (a) through systematic literature review identify primary research with estimates of sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) for diagnostic tests for bTB in cattle (b) conduct a statistical meta-analysis to estimate test performance, and (c) using the estimates, model and compare different testing strategies. Of 9782 references reviewed, only 261 met agreed criteria and contained performance estimates for one or more of 14 diagnostic tests. The performance of bTB surveillance systems using the estimates of test performance was affected by the historical probability of herd freedom and the risk of introduction of infection. Where the probability of introduction of infection was high, it was difficult to achieve a high target probability of herd freedom from infection.  
  Address Veterinary Laboratories Agency-Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3NB, UK. s.downs@vla.defra.gsi.gov.uk  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Place of Publication Roslin Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title Proceedings of the Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Leipzig, Germany, 23  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN ISBN 978-0-948073-99-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Science, Current Contents, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE, Embase, AGRICOLA and AGRIS searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 310 Serial 2398  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare(AHAW) url  doi
openurl 
  Title Scientific opinion on the electrical requirements for waterbath stunning equipment applicable for poultry Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication EFSA Journal Abbreviated Journal EFSA Journal  
  Volume 10 Issue 6 Pages  
  Keywords Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Animal Slaughter [LL190]; Techniques and Methodology [ZZ900]; abattoirs; efficacy; electric current; electroencephalography; electronarcosis; equipment; hygiene; literature reviews; measurement; methodology; poultry; reviews; stunning; surveillance; systematic reviews; fowls; European Union Countries; Europe; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; birds; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; chickens; domesticated birds; EEG; electrical anaesthesia; electrical current; electrical stunning; methods; metrology; slaughterhouses; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract The Commission requested that EFSA review relevant new scientific references on electrical stunning of poultry and to recommend, if necessary, new electrical requirements applicable for waterbath stunning equipment. A systematic literature review was conducted to determine those electrical parameters that would deliver an effective stun so that birds would be rendered unconscious and insensible until death. Inspection data from slaughterhouse inspections conducted both in Member States in and non-Member States were included. Many of the published studies did not allow a comprehensive analysis due to different study designs and incomplete data. There are few observational studies in abattoirs to determine the numbers of birds that are effectively stunned, however, the inspection data from the Food and Veterinary Office (FVO) did not identify major problems but, for practical reasons, they used non-EEG (electro-encephalogram) methods to ascertain the effectiveness of a stun. At the present time, an EEG is the most reliable indicator of unconsciousness and insensibility. Clinical somatosensory indicators are not as reliable. The aim of a stunning system is to achieve a 100% effective stun, and the most effective electrical parameters in use can achieve an effectiveness of up to 96% as measured using EEG ascertainment methods (100% were reported as unconscious using non-EEG methods). It is recommended that the Regulation should indicate minimum current for each bird, frequency and current type as well as the wave characteristics – duty cycle and waveform. There should be better surveillance and monitoring of the electrical parameters in use at abattoirs and, in addition, methods that allow the accurate measurement of actual electrical current flowing through each bird should be further developed. Research on effective stunning should be validated by the measurement of EEG activity and related to clinical measures that are easier to use in practice.  
  Address European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy. ahaw@efsa.europa.eu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 1831-4732 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB Abstracts, CCC, FSTA, Web of Science and PubMed searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 534 Serial 2405  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Egea-Serrano, A.; Relyea, R.A.; Tejedo, M.; Torralva, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Understanding of the impact of chemicals on amphibians: a meta-analytic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Ecology and Evolution Abbreviated Journal Ecol Evol  
  Volume 2 Issue 7 Pages 1382-1397  
  Keywords Toxicology and Poisoning (Wild Animals) [YY900]; exposure; heavy metals; meta-analysis; nitrogenous compounds; pesticides; phosphorus; pollutants; reviews; survival; toxic substances; wastewater; wild animals; Amphibia; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; poisons; waste water; amphibians; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Many studies have assessed the impact of different pollutants on amphibians across a variety of experimental venues (laboratory, mesocosm, and enclosure conditions). Past reviews, using vote-counting methods, have described pollution as one of the major threats faced by amphibians. However, vote-counting methods lack strong statistical power, do not permit one to determine the magnitudes of effects, and do not compare responses among predefined groups. To address these challenges, we conducted a meta-analysis of experimental studies that measured the effects of different chemical pollutants (nitrogenous and phosphorous compounds, pesticides, road deicers, heavy metals, and other wastewater contaminants) at environmentally relevant concentrations on amphibian survival, mass, time to hatching, time to metamorphosis, and frequency of abnormalities. The overall effect size of pollutant exposure was a medium decrease in amphibian survival and mass and a large increase in abnormality frequency. This translates to a 14.3% decrease in survival, a 7.5% decrease in mass, and a 535% increase in abnormality frequency across all studies. In contrast, we found no overall effect of pollutants on time to hatching and time to metamorphosis. We also found that effect sizes differed among experimental venues and among types of pollutants, but we only detected weak differences among amphibian families. These results suggest that variation in sensitivity to contaminants is generally independent of phylogeny. Some publication bias (i.e., selective reporting) was detected, but only for mass and the interaction effect size among stressors. We conclude that the overall impact of pollution on amphibians is moderately to largely negative. This implies that pollutants at environmentally relevant concentrations pose an important threat to amphibians and may play a role in their present global decline.  
  Address Facultad de Biologia, Departamento de Zoologia y Antropologia Fisica, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain. aegea@um.es  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 2045-7758 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Science, BIOSIS Previews, ScienceDirect and Scirus searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 887 Serial 2406  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Faria Filho, D.E.; Torres, K.A.A.; Faria, D.E.; Campos, D.M.B.; Rosa, P.S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Probiotics for broiler chickens in Brazil: systematic review and meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science Abbreviated Journal Braz J Poult Sci  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 89-98  
  Keywords Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Animal Nutrition (General) [LL500]; Animal Nutrition (Production Responses) [LL520]; Feed Additives [RR130]; broiler performance; broilers; diets; feed additives; feed conversion; growth promoters; liveweight gain; poultry; probiotics; reviews; fowls; Brazil; Sao Paulo; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; birds; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; South America; America; Developing Countries; Threshold Countries; Latin America; chickens; domesticated birds; efficacy; growth stimulants; liveweight gains; meta-analysis; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of probiotic utilization as growth promoters in broiler chicken feeding using systematic literature review and meta-analysis. 35 studies were recovered by systematic review, 27 of which met the following criteria to be included in the meta-analysis: (1) Brazilian studies published between 1995 and 2005; (2) probiotics administered in the diet without growth promoter; and (3) results included performance data with the respective coefficient of variation. Meta-analysis revealed that the probiotics promoted better weight gain and feed conversion than the negative control (no antimicrobial) in the initial phase (1 to 20-28 days); nevertheless, results were similar to the whole duration of the study (1 to 35-48 days). Weight gain and feed conversion were similar between probiotics fed and the positive control (with antimicrobial) birds in the initial and whole experimental period. Sensitivity analysis showed that the results of meta-analysis were coherent. The funnel plots and the Egger regression method revealed that the studies published in Brazil do not present biased results. It is concluded that the probiotics are technically viable alternative to antimicrobial growth promoters in broiler feeding. Nevertheless, further studies are necessary to identify the differences among the commercially available probiotics in Brazil.  
  Address Animal Science – Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Via de acesso Paulo Donato Castellane, km 5, 14.884-900. Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil. fariafilho@hotmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 1516-635x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes SciELO and CAB Abstracts searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 320 Serial 2415  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Freire, R.; Cowling, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The welfare of laying hens in conventional cages and alternative systems: first steps towards a quantitative comparison Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Animal Welfare Abbreviated Journal Anim Welf  
  Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 57-65  
  Keywords Animal Welfare [LL810]; Animal Behaviour [LL300]; Egg Producing Animals [LL130]; Techniques and Methodology [ZZ900]; Non-communicable Diseases and Injuries of Animals [LL860]; animal experiments; animal housing; animal welfare; bones; cages; cannibalism; data analysis; effects; egg production; eggs; feather pecking; hens; meta-analysis; mortality; outbreaks; poultry; research; synthesis; techniques; wounds; birds; fowls; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; animal research; animal rights; chickens; death rate; domesticated birds; pecking; studies; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Research synthesis, using techniques such as meta-analysis to combine the results of a number of studies, is a particularly useful technique when there are multiple studies with conflicting results, or where there may be conflicting interests, and can serve to extract the maximum information from animal experiments. The effect of conventional cages and alternative housing systems on measures of production, behaviour, physical and physiological condition in laying hens is an important question that would benefit from research synthesis. We found that statistical constraints did not allow the usual methods of meta-analysis, so as a first step towards quantitative comparison, we used a simple vote-counting approach based on the treatment means. We counted the number of papers in which conventional cages or alternative systems had a higher weighted mean for various response variables. Egg production was higher in conventional cages than in alternative systems, though this effect was probably mostly confined to the comparison with multi-level indoor systems. Bones were stronger from hens kept in alternative systems than those kept in conventional cages. We confirmed previous reviews that birds show more comfort behaviour and possibly dustbathing (or vacuum dustbathing) behaviour in alternative systems, but aggressive pecking did not differ between systems. Perhaps surprisingly, mortality, feather pecking and body wounds were not found to differ between systems. The latter findings suggest that the chance of a mortality or cannibalism outbreak may be no greater in alternative systems than in cage systems, but it should be noted that our analysis did not consider the magnitude of the difference in mortality. In conclusion, the meta-comparison undertaken here supports some but contradicts other conclusions reached in qualitative reviews.  
  Address School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2650, Australia. rfreire@csu.edu.au  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0962-7286 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 894 Serial 2426  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Frizzo, L.S.; Zbrun, M.V.; Soto, L.P.; Signorini, M.L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of probiotics on growth performance in young calves: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Animal Feed Science and Technology Abbreviated Journal Anim Feed Sci Tech  
  Volume 169 Issue 3/4 Pages 147-156  
  Keywords Pesticides and Drugs (General) [HH400]; Information and Documentation [CC300]; Animal Nutrition (General) [LL500]; Host Resistance and Immunity [HH600]; Animal Nutrition (Physiology) [LL510]; Nutrition related Disorders and Therapeutic Nutrition [VV130]; Prion, Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens of Animals [LL821]; Animal Immunology [LL650]; Microbiology (General) [ZZ390]; Milk and Dairy Produce [QQ010]; Other Produce [QQ070]; Forage and Feed Products (Non-human) [RR000]; animal nutrition; antibiotics; body weight; calves; data analysis; databases; diarrhoea; digestive system; feed conversion efficiency; feeds; gastrointestinal diseases; growth promoters; growth rate; immunity; infections; intestines; lactic acid; lactic acid bacteria; meta-analysis; milk; passive immunity; probiotics; promoters; research; weight gain; Bacteria; bacterium; prokaryotes; alimentary tract; data banks; diarrhea; feeding stuffs; gastrointestinal system; growth stimulants; lactate; promoter region; promoter sequences; scouring; studies; cattle; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Growth of calves during their first few weeks of life is one of the most important factors affecting their performance during subsequent rearing, and it can be modified by disease, especially gastrointestinal infections. Use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) is a tool which may maintain the intestinal microbial balance, prevent diarrhea and improve growth. However, a consensus has not been reached as to whether probiotics are effective in improving growth of calves. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess effects of probiotics on the growth of calves (i.e., body weight gain (BWG), feed efficiency). PubMed and Scopus databases were searched from 1980 to 2010, unrestricted by language. The inclusion criteria were: randomized and controlled experiments using calves less than 5 d of age without apparent disease and with passive immunity, and published in peer reviewed journals. Twenty-one and 14 studies were included to assess probiotic effects on BWG and feed efficiency, respectively. LAB supplementation increased BWG (standardized mean differences (SMD)=0.22822, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.1006-0.4638) and improve feed efficiency (SMD=-0.8141, 95% CI -1.2222 to -0.4059), considering the source of heterogeneity and publication biases. Growth of calves was not affected when the LAB was added to whole milk, but beneficial effects occurred when LAB was added to milk replacer. The probiotic effect was not related to the number of LAB strains in the inoculum. The number of calves in the experiments had an impact on the results and conclusions. Probiotics may be an alternative to the antibiotics commonly used as growth promoters in calves.  
  Address Department of Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science – Litoral National University, Kreder 2805, (S3080HOF) Esperanza, Province of Santa Fe, Argentina. marcelo.signorini@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0377-8401 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and Scopus searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 324 Serial 2427  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gartner, M.C.; Weiss, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Personality in felids: a review Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Applied Animal Behaviour Science Abbreviated Journal Appl Anim Behav Sci  
  Volume 144 Issue 1 Pages 1-13  
  Keywords Pets and Companion Animals [LL070]; Biological Resources (General) [PP700]; Techniques and Methodology [ZZ900]; Animal Behaviour [LL300]; animal behaviour; conservation; data analysis; guidelines; health; meta-analysis; methodology; objectives; personality; pets; research; reviews; techniques; temperament; terminology; cats; Felidae; Felis; Fissipeda; carnivores; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; animal behavior; behavior; goals; methods; pet animals; recommendations; studies; targets; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Although there has been an increase in felid personality research, much more work is needed, with only 20 published studies, 17 of which focused on the domestic cat. Most studies show important implications for this type of research, but there is no consensus on terminology, method, or conclusions for felids, even at the species level. Felid personality research comes from various fields, and is often carried out with different methods, with diverse goals. This review evaluates the published research on felid personality, and addresses its reliability and validity. Only 60% of the studies reported reliability estimates, and these varied greatly across personality dimensions. The sample weighted mean correlation of the reliability estimates was 0.68 (based on three studies). Fifty-five percent of the studies assessed validity. The personality dimensions with the highest validity for all species were Sociable, Dominant, and Curious, with a mean correlation of 0.82. Recommendations for future research and implications for aiding in conservation and captive animal management efforts and improving health and well-being and welfare are discussed.  
  Address Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK. m.c.gartner@sms.ed.ac.uk  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0168-1591 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PsychInfo, CAB Abstracts, Web of Science, BIOSIS and MEDLINE. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1100 Serial 2428  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Geburek, F.; Stadler, P. url  openurl
  Title [Regenerative therapy for tendon and ligament disorders in horses: results of treatment with stemcells, blood products, scaffolds and growth factors – review of the literature and meta analysis] Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Pferdeheilkunde Abbreviated Journal Pferdeheilkunde  
  Volume 27 Issue 6 Pages 609  
  Keywords Non-communicable Diseases and Injuries of Animals [LL860]; Animal Surgery and Non-drug Therapy [LL884]; Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Pharmacological Biotechnology [WW700]; adipose tissue; blood; blood plasma; bone marrow; bone marrow cells; embryonic stem cells; growth factors; ligaments; musculoskeletal anomalies; platelets; regeneration; relapse; stem cells; tendons; therapy; tissue repair; horses; Germany; Developed Countries; European Union Countries; OECD Countries; Western Europe; Europe; Equus; Equidae; Perissodactyla; ungulates; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; blood platelets; plasma (blood); recurrence of disease; relapses; skeletomuscular anomalies; therapeutics; thrombocytes; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Conventional treatments for tendon and ligament disorders give rise to functionally inferior repair tissue within a relatively long healing phase which results in a relatively high recurrence rate. There is however increasing evidence that intralesional treatments with cells, blood products, scaffolds and biological factors such as growth factors have a regenerative effect. In the present review the principal scientific findings on the clinical effects in living horses of, for example, bone-marrow-derived and adipose-tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and blood products such as PRP (platelet rich plasma), ACP (autologous conditioned plasma) and ACS (autologous conditioned serum) are summarized and discussed. Relating to horses, several scientific investigations with different study designs can be found in the literature: (1) Clinical case series, which allow a limited comparison of different treatment methods on the basis of the resulting recurrence rate. (2) Experimental animal studies on controlled artificial tendon defects, which often provide detailed results on the histological, biochemical and biomechanical quality of repair tissue. (3) Single placebo-controlled studies of naturally occurring tendinopathies which should, at least theoretically, provide the highest degree of evidence, however show methodological weaknesses in many cases. Among other aspects, the advantages and disadvantages of the various substrates, their biological safety, their effect with regard to the structural and biomechanical properties of different tendons and ligaments and their effect on the recurrence rate of tendon and ligament disorders are described and discussed. There is increasing evidence that substrates with regenerative potential are superior to other, i.e. conventional, treatments although it is still not clear which product or combination of substrates is most appropriate in individual cases.  
  Address Fachtierarzt fur Pferde, Stiftung Tierarztliche Hochschule Hannover, Klinik fur Pferde, Bunteweg 9, 30559 Hannover, Germany. florian.geburek@tiho-hannover.de  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language German Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0177-7726 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Web of Science and Google searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1102 Serial 2429  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Giannotti, J. di G.; Packer, I.U.; Mercadante, M.E.Z. url  doi
openurl 
  Title [Meta-analysis for estimates of genetic correlation between birth and weaning weights of cattle] Type Journal Article
  Year 2002 Publication Scientia Agricola Abbreviated Journal Sci Agric  
  Volume 59 Issue 3 Pages 435-440  
  Keywords Animal Genetics and Breeding [LL240]; Mathematics and Statistics [ZZ100]; birth weight; genetic correlation; liveweight; statistical analysis; cattle; Bos; Bovidae; ruminants; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; meta-analysis; statistical methods; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract The problem of combining information from independent studies permeates almost all fields of science. Because the number of scientific articles being published has increasingly grown in the past years, combining information has become a necessity. A meta-analysis was conducted to summarize published estimates of genetic correlation between birth and weaning weights of zebu beef cattle, through the collection of estimates of 39 reports, from 1968 to 2000 [place not given]. Data were analysed by fixed and random effect models. Components of variance were obtained by the restricted maximum likelihood technique. A strong lack of homogeneity among the studies was observed. As a consequence, fixed model estimates of combined results were inappropriate. Results suggest that random effect models produce better estimates. Subgroup comparisons, for decade publication, showed heterogeneity. Meta-analysis techniques were recommended for quantitative reviews of genetic parameters.  
  Address Pos-Graduanda em Ciencia Animal e Pastagens, USP/ESALQ, CEP: 13418-900 – Piracicaba, SP, Brazil. iupacker@esalq.usp.br  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0103-9016 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB (Abstracts?) searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 325 Serial 2431  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Giannotti, J. di G.; Packer, I.U.; Mercadante, M.E.Z. url  doi
openurl 
  Title [Meta-analysis for heritability of estimates growth traits in beef cattle] Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia Abbreviated Journal Rev Bras Zootecn  
  Volume 34 Issue 4 Pages 1173-1180  
  Keywords Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Animal Genetics and Breeding [LL240]; Mathematics and Statistics [ZZ100]; beef cattle; birth weight; body weight; growth; heritability; least squares; statistical analysis; weaning weight; cattle; zebu; Bos; Bovidae; ruminants; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; heritable characters; meta-analysis; statistical methods; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract A meta-analysis was conducted to summarize published heritability estimates of growth traits of zebu beef cattle in 186 reports. The factors affecting weighed heritability estimates were analysed by the least square means method for a model including fixed effects. Breed and estimation method were the significant factors in the four growth traits (birth weight, weaning weight, weight at 365 days and weight at 550 days). Estimation method is always recommended to summarize these estimates. The pooled heritability estimates for birth weight, weaning weight, weight at 365 days old and weight at 550 days old were 0.30+or-0.01, 0.23+or-0.01, 0.27+or-0.01 and 0.31+or-0.01, respectively. Meta-analysis techniques are recommended for polling of genetic parameters of zebu beef cattle.  
  Address Instituto de Economia Agricola – IEA, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. juliana@iea.sp.gov.br  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 1516-3598 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB (Abstracts?) and AGRIS searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 326 Serial 2432  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Giannotti, J. di G.; Packer, I.U.; Mercadante, M.E.Z.; Leandro, R.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title [Bayesian meta-analysis of genetic parameters for growth traits in beef cattle] Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira Abbreviated Journal Pesqui Agropecu Bras  
  Volume 41 Issue 1 Pages 15-22  
  Keywords Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Animal Genetics and Breeding [LL240]; Mathematics and Statistics [ZZ100]; Bayesian theory; beef cattle; birth weight; genetic correlation; genetic parameters; growth; heritability; traits; weaning weight; cattle; Bos; Bovidae; ruminants; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; heritable characters; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract Bayesian meta-analysis was performed in a data set of heritability estimates for growth traits of zebu beef cattle with 869 direct heritabilities, 186 maternal heritabilities, and 123 direct-maternal genetic correlation. The fitting and development of a hierarchical model made possible to obtain pooled heritability estimates for birth weight, weaning weight, weight at 365 days of age and weight at 550 days of age, whose values were, respectively: 0.31, 0.24, 0.28 and 0.33 for direct effects; 0.09, 0.13, 0.12 and 0.05 for maternal effects; and -0.16, -0.16, -0.20 and -0.16 for direct-maternal genetic correlation. Meta-analysis conducted under Bayesian framework was adequate, since hierarchical model considers between-study and within-study variances, and its implementation and conduction are facilitated, mainly, due to the advance in computational area.  
  Address Instituto de Economia Agricola, Secretaria da Agricultura e Abastecimento, Av. Miguel Stefano, 3900, CEP 04301-903 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. juliana@iea.sp.gov.br iupacker@esalq.usp.br mercadante@iz.sp.gov.br raleandr@esalq.usp.br  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0100-204x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB (Abstracts?) and AGRIS searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 327 Serial 2433  
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