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Author (up) Ekong, P.S.; Sanderson, M.W.; Cernicchiaro, N. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Prevalence and concentration of Escherichia coli O157 in different seasons and cattle types processed in North America: A systematic review and meta-analysis of published research Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Preventive Veterinary Medicine Abbreviated Journal Prev Vet Med  
  Volume 121 Issue 1-2 Pages 74-85  
  Keywords Cattle; E. coli  
  Abstract Systematic review (SR) and meta-analyses (MA) methodologies were used to identify, critically evaluate and synthesize prevalence and concentration estimates for Escherichia coli O157 contamination along the beef production chain, and to illustrate differences based on cattle types and seasonality in North America from the scientific peer-reviewed literature. Four electronic databases were searched to identify relevant articles. Two independent reviewers performed all SR steps. Random effects MA models were used to estimate the pooled prevalence and concentration of E. coli O157 in feces, hides and carcasses of cattle processed in North America, including their seasonal estimates. The potential sources of between studies heterogeneity were identified using meta-regression and sub-group analysis. Results indicated differences in the fecal prevalence of E. coli O157 among cattle types: 10.68% (95% CI: 9.17-12.28%) in fed beef, 4.65% (95% CI: 3.37-6.10%) in adult beef, and 1.79% (95% CI: 1.20-2.48%) in adult dairy. Fed beef fecal prevalence was 10.65% (95% CI: 8.93-12.49%) during summer and 9.17% (95% CI: 5.24-13.98%) during the winter months. For adult beef, the fecal prevalence was 7.86% (95% CI: 5.43-10.66%) during summer, and 4.21% (95% CI: 1.95-7.13%) during winter. Among adult dairy, the fecal prevalence was 2.27% (95% CI: 1.5-3.18%) during summer, and 0.36% (95% CI: 0.09-0.74%) during winter. There was a significantly higher percentage of hides with E. coli O157 concentration >/= 40 CFU/100 cm(2) on hides of fed beef sampled at the processing plant (23.81%; 95% CI: 14.79-34.15%) compared to those sampled at the feedlot (1.74%; 95% CI: 0.53-3.44%). Prevalence of E. coli O157 on carcass surfaces differed by season only at the post-evisceration stage, but decreased considerably through the subsequent processing stages. Country, study setting, detection method, hide swab area, and study design were identified as significant sources of heterogeneity among studies reporting prevalence of E. coli O157 along the beef production chain. The pooled prevalence and concentration estimates from this study provide a sound and reliable microbiological basis for risk assessment modeling of E. coli O157 and other pathogens in the food chain.  
  Address Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2015/07/15  
  ISSN 1873-1716 (Electronic) 0167-5877 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Agricola (EBSCO), CAB Abstracts, Food Science and Technology Abstracts (FSTA), and PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1361 Serial 2832  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Eltholth, M.M.; Marsh, V.R.; Van Winden, S.; Guitian, F.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Contamination of food products with Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis: a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of Applied Microbiology Abbreviated Journal J Appl Microbiol  
  Volume 107 Issue 4 Pages 1061-1071  
  Keywords Animals; Cattle; Cattle Diseases/epidemiology; Crohn Disease/microbiology; Dairying; Food Contamination/analysis/prevention & control; Food Handling; Food Microbiology; Goats; Humans; Meat/microbiology; Meat Products/microbiology; Milk/microbiology; Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis; Paratuberculosis/epidemiology/microbiology/prevention & control; Sheep; Sterilization/methods  
  Abstract Although a causal link between Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) and Crohn's disease has not been proved, previous studies suggest that the potential routes of human exposure to MAP should be investigated. We conducted a systematic review of literature concerning the likelihood of contamination of food products with MAP and the likely changes in the quantity of MAP in dairy and meat products along their respective production chains. Relevant data were extracted from 65 research papers and synthesized qualitatively. Although estimates of the prevalence of Johne's disease are scarce, particularly for non-dairy herds, the available data suggest that the likelihood of contamination of raw milk with MAP in most studied regions is substantial. The presence of MAP in raw and pasteurized milk has been the subject of several studies which show that pasteurized milk is not always MAP-free and that the effectiveness of pasteurization in inactivating MAP depends on the initial concentration of the agent in raw milk. The most recent studies indicated that beef can be contaminated with MAP via dissemination of the pathogen in the tissues of infected animals. Currently available data suggests that the likelihood of dairy and meat products being contaminated with MAP on retail sale should not be ignored.  
  Address Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK. meltholth@rvc.ac.uk  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2009/06/03  
  ISSN 1365-2672 (Electronic) 1364-5072 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, CAB Direct (CAB Abstracts?) and Science Direct searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 659 Serial 2407  
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Author (up) Elwood, C.; Devauchelle, P.; Elliott, J.; Freiche, V.; German, A.J.; Gualtieri, M.; Hall, E.; den Hertog, E.; Neiger, R.; Peeters, D.; Roura, X.; Savary-Bataille, K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Emesis in dogs: a review Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of Small Animal Practice Abbreviated Journal J Small Anim Pract  
  Volume 51 Issue 1 Pages 4-22  
  Keywords Animals; Antiemetics/therapeutic use; Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects; Diet/veterinary; Dog Diseases/chemically induced/diagnosis/etiology/therapy; Dogs; Vomiting/diagnosis/etiology/therapy/veterinary  
  Abstract Emesis is a common presenting sign in small animal practice. It requires a rational approach to management that is based upon a sound understanding of pathophysiology combined with logical decision making. This review, which assesses the weight of available evidence, outlines the physiology of the vomiting reflex, causes of emesis, the consequences of emesis and the approach to clinical management of the vomiting dog. The applicability of diagnostic testing modalities and the merit of traditional approaches to management, such as dietary changes, are discussed. The role and usefulness of both traditional and novel anti-emetic drugs is examined, including in specific circumstances such as following cytotoxic drug treatment. The review also examines areas in which common clinical practice is not necessarily supported by objective evidence and, as such, highlights questions worthy of further clinical research.  
  Address Davies Veterinary Specialists, Manor Farm Business Park, Higham Gobion, Hitchin, Hertfordshire SG5 3HR.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/02/09  
  ISSN 1748-5827 (Electronic) 0022-4510 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Google Scholar, Web of Science and PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 873 Serial 2408  
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Author (up) Erdreich, L.S.; Alexander, D.D.; Wagner, M.E.; Reinemann, D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Meta-analysis of stray voltage on dairy cattle Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of Dairy Science Abbreviated Journal J Dairy Sci  
  Volume 92 Issue 12 Pages 5951-5963  
  Keywords Animals; Behavior, Animal/physiology; Cattle/physiology; Dairying/methods; Electricity; Female; Lactation/physiology; Milk/secretion; Time Factors; Cattle  
  Abstract A quantitative assessment of dairy cow responses to contact current (stray voltage) at 50 or 60 Hz was conducted using meta-analysis and pooled analysis methodology. The objective was to more accurately quantify the minimum exposure level (threshold) at which dairy cows respond and to identify sources of heterogeneity among studies. Several medical and agricultural databases were used to locate individual studies for the systematic literature review, from which 22 published studies of stray voltage and behavioral response or milk yield met our inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis models were constructed to assess the percentage of cows with a behavioral response at documented exposure levels, and the summary relative risk estimate for all exposure pathways combined was calculated for each 1-mA increment from 1.0 through 5.0 mA. The meta-analysis of percentage response showed that cows exhibited statistically significant first behavioral responses at 3.0 mA, response probability increased with exposure levels, and exposure pathways contributed to heterogeneity in the model. The pooled analysis of mean behavioral response threshold was based on experimental studies of ascending series of current exposures on 355 cows. The overall weighted mean for first behavioral response to current was 4.0 mA. Ten of the studies that met the inclusion criteria addressed milk production, but heterogeneity in exposure pathways, patterns, and duration precluded meta-analysis or data pooling. The milk production studies ranged in size from 4 to 48 cows and used switchback or paired design to increase power. A qualitative narrative review of these studies indicated that production was not affected by exposure to contact current at levels of 3 mA or lower for exposures of up to 21 d or 4 wk.  
  Address Exponent Inc, 420 Lexington Avenue, Suite 1740, New York, NY 10170, USA. erdreich@exponent.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2009/11/20  
  ISSN 1525-3198 (Electronic) 0022-0302 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and ASABE database searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 660 Serial 2409  
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Author (up) Erteld, E.; Krohn, J.; Dzhakupov, I.T.; Wehrend, A. url  openurl
  Title [Uterine torsion in cattle – therapy and consequences for calf and cow] Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Tierarztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere Abbreviated Journal Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere  
  Volume 42 Issue 5 Pages 297-303  
  Keywords Cattle; Cows  
  Abstract AIM: To summarize the available literature on the therapy of uterine torsion in cattle and the consequences for cow and calf. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of the literature using electronic libraries (PubMed, Medline), German veterinary medical journals and obstetrical textbooks. RESULTS: The therapy includes the attempt to rotate the uterus back into its physiological position. Direct and indirect methods of retorsion are available and applied according to the case conditions. Subsequently, the extraction of the calf can be performed via vaginal delivery or caesarean section. The presence of uterine torsion always leads to dystocia. Following a successful retorsion, the time and degree of uterine torsion strongly influence the progress of the birth. The prognosis also depends on the aforementioned factors and varies between good to unsuccessful. The vitality of the calf displays great variation depending on the literature (14-90%), however, is generally greater under field than clinical conditions. Focussing on the puerperal development of the cow, all grades from mild irritations of the uterine involution to fatal complications occur. The influence on fertility depends on the progress of the birth and existing secondary complications. The risk for electrolyte disturbances is increased (approximately 50%) as is the risk of birth-associated injuries (approximately 20%). The incidence of placental retention varies widely between different authors (3-52%).  
  Address Prof. Dr. Axel Wehrend, Dipl. ECAR, Klinik fur Geburtshilfe, Gynakologie und Andrologie der Gross- und Kleintiere mit Tierarztlicher Ambulanz der Justus-Liebig-Universitat Giessen, Frankfurter Strasse 106, 35392 Giessen, E-Mail: Axel.Wehrend@vetmed.uni-giessen.de.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language German Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/10/21  
  ISSN 1434-1220 (Print) 1434-1220 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Pubmed and MEDLINE searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1289 Serial 2776  
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Author (up) Erteld, E.; Wehrend, A.; Goericke-Pesch, S. url  openurl
  Title [Uterine torsion in cattle – frequency, clinical symptoms and theories about the pathogenesis] Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Tierarztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere Abbreviated Journal Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere  
  Volume 40 Issue 3 Pages 167-75; quiz 176  
  Keywords Cattle  
  Abstract Aim of the present study was to summarize the available literature about the incidence, frequency, clinical symptoms and ideas as to the pathogenesis of uterine torsion in the cow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of the literature using electronic libraries (Pub Med, Medline), German veterinary medicine journals and obstetrical textbooks. RESULTS: Uterine torsion is a very important maternal reason for dystocia as most cases occur during parturition. The post-cervical torsion (combined uterine and vaginal torsion, Torsio uteri and vaginae) is more commonly diagnosed than an intra-cervical or pre-cervical torsion. Torsions to the left occur more frequently than to the right. Clinical symptoms clearly vary depending on the degree of torsion. The frequency in relation to all parturitions is described as between 0.5 and 1%, whereas the percentage of uterine torsions presented to the veterinarian as a reason for dystocia varies between 2.7 and 65%. The pathogenesis of uterine torsion remains unclear; however, general agreement exists that the cow is predisposed to uterine torsion due to its anatomy. It appears that the Brown Swiss is more often affected than other cattle breeds.  
  Address Klinik fur Geburtshilfe, Gynakologie und Andrologie der Gross- und Kleintiere mit Tierarztlicher Ambulanz, Justus-Liebig-Universitat Giessen, Frankfurter Strasse 106, 35392 Giessen.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language German Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2012/06/13  
  ISSN 1434-1220 (Print) 1434-1220 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and MEDLINE searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 826 Serial 2410  
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Author (up) Evans, R.B.; Gordon-Evans, W.J.; Conzemius, M.G. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Comparison of three methods for the management of fragmented medial coronoid process in the dog. A systematic review and meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2008 Publication Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology : V.C.O.T Abbreviated Journal Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol  
  Volume 21 Issue 2 Pages 106-109  
  Keywords Animals; Arthroscopy/methods/veterinary; Dog Diseases/pathology/surgery; Dogs; Joint Diseases/pathology/surgery/veterinary; Osteotomy/methods/veterinary; Treatment Outcome  
  Abstract The objective of this review and analysis was to compare arthroscopy, medial arthrotomy and medical management for treating fragmented coronoid process in the dog. The data come from manuscripts published in peer-reviewed veterinary journals, and the study design is a systematic review followed by meta-analysis. The meta-analysis combines data from a set of studies so that surgical techniques and medial management can be compared in a single analysis. Several literature databases and veterinary texts were thoroughly searched to provide a list of over 400 candidate manuscripts. Inclusion criteria were used to filter the candidate manuscripts to a final set of four manuscripts that directly pertained to the clinical question. They were scored for their evidentiary value using a semi-objective measure. The results were that arthroscopy was superior to medial arthrotomy and medical management, but medial arthrotomy was not superior to medical management. Only one manuscript was a randomized controlled trial, hence the results must be tempered by the evidentiary value of the data.  
  Address Iowa State University, VDPAM / College of Veterinary Medicine, Ames, Iowa, 50011 USA. revans@iastate.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2008/06/12  
  ISSN 0932-0814 (Print) 0932-0814 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, VIN and CAB searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 661 Serial 2411  
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Author (up) Faggion, C.M., Jr.; Listl, S.; Giannakopoulos, N.N. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The methodological quality of systematic reviews of animal studies in dentistry Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Veterinary Journal (London, England : 1997) Abbreviated Journal Vet J  
  Volume 192 Issue 2 Pages 140-147  
  Keywords Animal Experimentation; Animals; Checklist; Dental Research/standards; Dentistry; Meta-Analysis as Topic; Research Design/standards; Review Literature as Topic  
  Abstract Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of animal studies are important for improving estimates of the effects of treatment and for guiding future clinical studies on humans. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of animal studies in dentistry through using a validated checklist. A literature search was conducted independently and in duplicate in the PubMed and LILACS databases. References in selected systematic reviews were assessed to identify other studies not captured by the electronic searches. The methodological quality of studies was assessed independently and in duplicate by using the AMSTAR checklist; the quality was scored as low, moderate, or high. The reviewers were calibrated before the assessment and agreement between them was assessed using Cohen's Kappa statistic. Of 444 studies retrieved, 54 systematic reviews were selected after full-text assessment. Agreement between the reviewers was regarded as excellent. Only two studies were scored as high quality; 17 and 35 studies were scored as medium and low quality, respectively. There is room for improvement of the methodological quality of systematic reviews of animal studies in dentistry. Checklists, such as AMSTAR, can guide researchers in planning and executing systematic reviews and meta-analyses. For determining the need for additional investigations in animals and in order to provide good data for potential application in human, such reviews should be based on animal experiments performed according to sound methodological principles.  
  Address Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Clovis.Faggion@med.uni-heidelberg.de  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/09/20  
  ISSN 1532-2971 (Electronic) 1090-0233 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, LILACS, Google Scholar and OpenSIGLE searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 662 Serial 2412  
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Author (up) Fahie, M.A.; Shettko, D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Evidence-based wound management: a systematic review of therapeutic agents to enhance granulation and epithelialization Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice Abbreviated Journal Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract  
  Volume 37 Issue 3 Pages 559-577  
  Keywords Animals; Bandages/veterinary; Dogs/injuries; Epithelium/pathology; Evidence-Based Medicine; Female; Granulation Tissue/pathology; Male; Veterinary Medicine/methods/standards; Wound Healing/physiology; Wounds and Injuries/therapy/veterinary; Dogs  
  Abstract Successful management of open wounds in dogs requires knowledge of the physiology of wound healing and application of that knowledge to choose appropriate therapeutic intervention. The authors' objective was to investigate whether or not there are any available therapeutic agents that enhance granulation or epithelialization of open wounds in dogs. Based on the literature identified in the authors' review, there is insufficient evidence to make a recommendation for or against any of the topical wound agents or procedures studied.  
  Address Small Animal Surgery, Western University of Health Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, 309 East Second Street, Pomona, CA 91766, USA. mfahie@westernu.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2007/05/01  
  ISSN 0195-5616 (Print) 0195-5616 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and VIN searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 663 Serial 2413  
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Author (up) Fajt, V.R.; Van House, A.M.; Honnas, C.M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? In horses with septic bursitis for which the organism has not yet been identified, is IV regional perfusion with amikacin or cefotaxime likely to be effective? Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 236 Issue 6 Pages 636-638  
  Keywords Amikacin/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Arthritis, Infectious/diagnosis/drug therapy/veterinary; Bursitis/diagnosis/drug therapy/veterinary; Cefotaxime/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Evidence-Based Practice; Female; Horse Diseases/diagnosis/drug therapy; Horses; Lameness, Animal/diagnosis  
  Abstract  
  Address Departments of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. vfajt@cvm.tamu.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/03/17  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Equine Practitioners searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 445 Serial 2414  
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Author (up) Falzon, L.C.; O'Neill, T.J.; Menzies, P.I.; Peregrine, A.S.; Jones-Bitton, A.; vanLeeuwen, J.; Mederos, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A systematic review and meta-analysis of factors associated with anthelmintic resistance in sheep Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Preventive Veterinary Medicine Abbreviated Journal Prev Vet Med  
  Volume 117 Issue 2 Pages 388-402  
  Keywords Sheep  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Anthelmintic drugs have been widely used in sheep as a cost-effective means for gastro-intestinal nematode (GIN) control. However, growing anthelmintic resistance (AHR) has created a compelling need to identify evidence-based management recommendations that reduce the risk of further development and impact of AHR. OBJECTIVE: To identify, critically assess, and synthesize available data from primary research on factors associated with AHR in sheep. METHODS: Publications reporting original observational or experimental research on selected factors associated with AHR in sheep GINs and published after 1974, were identified through two processes. Three electronic databases (PubMed, Agricola, CAB) and Web of Science (a collection of databases) were searched for potentially relevant publications. Additional publications were identified through consultation with experts, manual search of references of included publications and conference proceedings, and information solicited from small ruminant practitioner list-serves. Two independent investigators screened abstracts for relevance. Relevant publications were assessed for risk of systematic bias. Where sufficient data were available, random-effects Meta-Analyses (MAs) were performed to estimate the pooled Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) of AHR for factors reported in >/=2 publications. RESULTS: Of the 1712 abstracts screened for eligibility, 131 were deemed relevant for full publication review. Thirty publications describing 25 individual studies (15 observational studies, 7 challenge trials, and 3 controlled trials) were included in the qualitative synthesis and assessed for systematic bias. Unclear (i.e. not reported, or unable to assess) or high risk of selection bias and confounding bias was found in 93% (14/15) and 60% (9/15) of the observational studies, respectively, while unclear risk of selection bias was identified in all of the trials. Ten independent studies were included in the quantitative synthesis, and MAs were performed for five factors. Only high frequency of treatment was a significant risk factor (OR=4.39; 95% CI=1.59, 12.14), while the remaining 4 variables were marginally significant: mixed-species grazing (OR=1.63; 95% CI=0.66, 4.07); flock size (OR=1.02; 95% CI=0.97, 1.07); use of long-acting drug formulations (OR=2.85; 95% CI=0.79, 10.24); and drench-and-shift pasture management (OR=4.08; 95% CI=0.75, 22.16). CONCLUSIONS: While there is abundant literature on the topic of AHR in sheep GINs, few studies have explicitly investigated the association between putative risk or protective factors and AHR. Consequently, several of the current recommendations on parasite management are not evidence-based. Moreover, many of the studies included in this review had a high or unclear risk of systematic bias, highlighting the need to improve study design and/or reporting of future research carried out in this field.  
  Address Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Liebefeld, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: laura.falzon@vetsuisse.unibe.ch. Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada. Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada. Centre for Veterinary Epidemiological Research, Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE, Canada. National Institute of Agricultural Research of Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/07/26  
  ISSN 1873-1716 (Electronic) 0167-5877 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Agricola (EBSCO Host), CAB Direct (CAB Abstracts) and Web of Science searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1241 Serial 2730  
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Author (up) Faria Filho, D.E.; Torres, K.A.A.; Faria, D.E.; Campos, D.M.B.; Rosa, P.S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Probiotics for broiler chickens in Brazil: systematic review and meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science Abbreviated Journal Braz J Poult Sci  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 89-98  
  Keywords Meat Producing Animals [LL120]; Animal Nutrition (General) [LL500]; Animal Nutrition (Production Responses) [LL520]; Feed Additives [RR130]; broiler performance; broilers; diets; feed additives; feed conversion; growth promoters; liveweight gain; poultry; probiotics; reviews; fowls; Brazil; Sao Paulo; Gallus gallus; Gallus; Phasianidae; Galliformes; birds; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; South America; America; Developing Countries; Threshold Countries; Latin America; chickens; domesticated birds; efficacy; growth stimulants; liveweight gains; meta-analysis; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of probiotic utilization as growth promoters in broiler chicken feeding using systematic literature review and meta-analysis. 35 studies were recovered by systematic review, 27 of which met the following criteria to be included in the meta-analysis: (1) Brazilian studies published between 1995 and 2005; (2) probiotics administered in the diet without growth promoter; and (3) results included performance data with the respective coefficient of variation. Meta-analysis revealed that the probiotics promoted better weight gain and feed conversion than the negative control (no antimicrobial) in the initial phase (1 to 20-28 days); nevertheless, results were similar to the whole duration of the study (1 to 35-48 days). Weight gain and feed conversion were similar between probiotics fed and the positive control (with antimicrobial) birds in the initial and whole experimental period. Sensitivity analysis showed that the results of meta-analysis were coherent. The funnel plots and the Egger regression method revealed that the studies published in Brazil do not present biased results. It is concluded that the probiotics are technically viable alternative to antimicrobial growth promoters in broiler feeding. Nevertheless, further studies are necessary to identify the differences among the commercially available probiotics in Brazil.  
  Address Animal Science – Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Via de acesso Paulo Donato Castellane, km 5, 14.884-900. Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil. fariafilho@hotmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1516-635x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes SciELO and CAB Abstracts searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 320 Serial 2415  
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Author (up) Faridi, A.; Gitoee, A.; France, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A meta-analysis of the effects of nonphytate phosphorus on broiler performance and tibia ash concentration Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Poultry Science Abbreviated Journal Poult Sci  
  Volume 94 Issue 11 Pages 2753-2762  
  Keywords chickens; poultry; phosphorus; diet; nutirtion  
  Abstract Decreasing feed costs while maintaining broiler performance at a high level with minimal environmental pollution has become a major challenge for poultry nutritionists in recent years. In this regard, phosphorus (P) is a nutrient that is problematic. To overcome this, a comprehensive knowledge of the responses of broilers to P is needed and the factors that affect its utilization need better understanding. For this purpose, a meta-analysis was conducted using results published in the literature on the responses of broilers to different levels of nonphytate P (NPP), calcium (Ca), microbial phytase (MP), and vitamin D3 or its metabolites (VD). The effects of Ca, MP, and VD on NPP requirements were investigated. Results showed significant (P </= 0.0001) linear and quadratic effects of NPP on all the responses, viz. average daily gain (ADG), feed intake (FI), feed efficiency (FE), and tibia ash concentration (TA). Results showed the negative effect of high Ca levels on all investigated responses, although these deleterious effects were alleviated when levels of NPP were increased or MP and/or VD added. Synergistic effects of MP and VD on FI and TA were observed. Best performance for all responses was found when MP and VD were added to low or moderate levels of Ca and NPP. Optimization showed higher levels of NPP are required to maximize TA compared to ADG, FI, and FE. Based on our analysis, requirements for NPP were affected mostly by Ca (increased) and MP (decreased), and, to a lesser extent, VD (inconsistent).  
  Address Center of Excellence in the Animal Sciences Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, 91775-1163 ako_faridi@yahoo.com. Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, PO Box 416, Sanandaj, Iran. Centre for Nutrition Modeling, Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2015/10/27  
  ISSN 0032-5791 (Print) 0032-5791 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Scopus searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1414 Serial 2874  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Farnham, M.W.; Norby, B.; Goldsmith, T.J.; Wells, S.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Meta-analysis of field studies on bovine tuberculosis skin tests in United States cattle herds Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Preventive Veterinary Medicine Abbreviated Journal Prev Vet Med  
  Volume 103 Issue 2-3 Pages 234-242  
  Keywords Animals; Cattle; Female; Prevalence; Sensitivity and Specificity; Tuberculin Test/methods/veterinary; Tuberculosis, Bovine/diagnosis/epidemiology/immunology; United States/epidemiology  
  Abstract Our objective was to summarize information on the diagnostic accuracy, in terms of test sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp), for bovine tuberculosis (bTb) tuberculin skin tests as currently used in the United States. Meta-analyses including Se and Sp estimates from field studies of bTb tuberculin tests conducted in North American cattle were conducted to provide a distribution of estimates and central tendency for Se and Sp of the caudal fold tuberculin (CFT) and serial interpretation of the CFT and comparative cervical tuberculin (CFT-CCT) tests. In total, 12 estimates for CFT and CFT-CCT test Se and Sp were identified from seven publications matching inclusion criteria. Estimates for CFT test Se ranged from 80.4% to 93.0% and CFT test Sp from 89.2% to 95.2%. Estimates for CFT-CCT test Se ranged from 74.4% to 88.4% and CFT-CCT test Sp ranged from 97.3% to 98.6%. These distributions of test Se and Sp are intended to provide a more realistic representation for U.S. bTb skin tests than previously reported. Estimation and discussion of herd-level CFT and CFT-CCT test parameters is also included. These results should be considered at the herd and individual animal level when evaluating results from tuberculin skin test results in North American cattle herds.  
  Address Center for Animal Health and Food Safety, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. farn0032@umn.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/09/17  
  ISSN 1873-1716 (Electronic) 0167-5877 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and CAB (Abstracts?) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 841 Serial 2416  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Fechter-Leggett, E.D.; Like, B.; Vigneau, D.L.; Jarvin, L.; Lindenmayer, J.M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Education of veterinary medical and other public health providers: linking interventions with health outcomes Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of Veterinary Medical Education Abbreviated Journal J Vet Med Educ  
  Volume 38 Issue 2 Pages 171-183  
  Keywords Disaster Planning; Education, Veterinary/methods; Humans; Logistic Models; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Program Development; Public Health/education; United States  
  Abstract A systematic literature review was performed to summarize the nature, implementation, outcomes, and long-term impacts of previously instituted interventions and programs aimed at educating veterinary public health providers. A logic model was developed to direct the literature search strategy, provide a framework for evaluating the relationship between veterinary public health professional education and their associated population health outcomes, and guide future training development and recommendations for the education of veterinary health professionals. Our literature review indicates that there is a relative lack of published literature that connects veterinary public health educational interventions to population health outcomes. Reasons for the lack of evidence to connect educational programs and population health outcomes include the evaluation of outcomes on a short-term rather than intermediate- or long-term basis, a lack of experimental studies, and infrequent grounding in population health or educational theory. Future intervention recommendations as suggested in the reviewed articles are also summarized.  
  Address Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/10/26  
  ISSN 0748-321X (Print) 0748-321X (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes AGRICOLA, CAB Abstracts, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts Natural Sciences, Conference Papers Index, Proquest Dissertations and Theses, ERIC, Global Health, GPO, PubMed, PAIS International, Sociological Abstracts and OCLC WorldCat searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 447 Serial 2417  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Fernandez-Silva, J.A.; Correa-Valencia, N.M.; Ramirez, N.F. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Systematic review of the prevalence of paratuberculosis in cattle, sheep, and goats in Latin America and the Caribbean Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Tropical Animal Health and Production Abbreviated Journal Trop Anim Health Prod  
  Volume 46 Issue 8 Pages 1321-40  
  Keywords Cattle; Sheep; Goats; Paratuberculosis  
  Abstract Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis causes paratuberculosis or Johne's disease (JD) in domestic ruminants and wild species. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the prevalence of paratuberculosis among farmed animals (cattle, sheep, and goats) in Latin America and the Caribbean. The initial search for existing publications reporting systematic reviews and primary studies was carried out by searching the available databases. For the final selection of studies, an initial screen for basic eligibility and a detailed appraisal of quality were performed. After study selection, the relevant data were extracted. The detailed appraisal generated 24 publications that reported 52 studies, of which 73.1, 11.5, and 15.4 % were from cattle, sheep, and goats, respectively. Thirty-three (63.5 %) of the studies were animal level studies, while 19 (36.5 %) were herd-/flock-level studies. No flock-level studies on prevalence in sheep were found. Studies in Latin American and Caribbean countries revealed an overall prevalence of 16.9 (95 % CI (confidence interval) 13.2-20.5) and 75.8 % (95 % CI 50.1-101.5) in cattle at the animal and herd levels, respectively; the prevalence was 16 % (95 % CI 7.9-24.1) in sheep at the animal level and 4.3 % (95 % CI 1.9-6.8) and 3.7 % (95 % CI 0.1-7.4) in goats at the animal and flock levels, respectively. In general, prevalence results reported by the studies were insufficient to accurately determine the prevalence of paratuberculosis in farmed animals in Latin America and the Caribbean. Several flaws in the design of studies limit the quality of evidence regarding the prevalence of paratuberculosis in the region.  
  Address Epidemiologia y Salud Publica Veterinaria, Centauro, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellin, Colombia, jorge.fernandez@udea.edu.co.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/08/30  
  ISSN 1573-7438 (Electronic) 0049-4747 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Scopus, PubMed, Redalyc, Virtual Health Library and International Association for Paratuberculosis Website searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1251 Serial 2739  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ferraretto, L.F.; Shaver, R.D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of whole-plant corn silage hybrid type on intake, digestion, ruminal fermentation, and lactation performance by dairy cows through a meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Dairy Science Abbreviated Journal J Dairy Sci  
  Volume 98 Issue 4 Pages 2662-2675  
  Keywords Cattle; Dairy cows  
  Abstract Understanding the effect of whole-plant corn silage (WPCS) hybrids in dairy cattle diets may allow for better decisions on hybrid selection by dairy producers, as well as indicate potential strategies for the seed corn industry with regard to WPCS hybrids. Therefore, the objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis using literature data on the effects of WPCS hybrid type on intake, digestibility, rumen fermentation, and lactation performance by dairy cows. The meta-analysis was performed using a data set of 162 treatment means from 48 peer-reviewed articles published between 1995 and 2014. Hybrids were divided into 3 categories before analysis. Comparative analysis of WPCS hybrid types differing in stalk characteristics were in 4 categories: conventional, dual-purpose, isogenic, or low-normal fiber digestibility (CONS), brown midrib (BMR), hybrids with greater NDF but lower lignin (%NDF) contents or high in vitro NDF digestibility (HFD), and leafy (LFY). Hybrid types differing in kernel characteristics were in 4 categories: conventional or yellow dent (CONG), NutriDense (ND), high oil (HO), and waxy. Genetically modified (GM) hybrids were compared with their genetically similar non-biotech counterpart (ISO). Except for lower lignin content for BMR and lower starch content for HFD than CONS and LFY, silage nutrient composition was similar among hybrids of different stalk types. A 1.1 kg/d greater intake of DM and 1.5 and 0.05 kg/d greater milk and protein yields, respectively, were observed for BMR compared with CONS and LFY. Likewise, DMI and milk yield were greater for HFD than CONS, but the magnitude of the difference was smaller. Total-tract NDF digestibility was greater, but starch digestibility was reduced, for BMR and HFD compared with CONS or LFY. Silage nutrient composition was similar for hybrids of varied kernel characteristics, except for lower CP and EE content for CONG than ND and HO. Feeding HO WPCS to dairy cows decreased milk fat content and yield and protein content compared with the other kernel-type hybrids. Hybrids varying in kernel characteristics did not affect intake, milk production, or total-tract nutrient digestibilities by lactating dairy cows. Nutrient composition and lactation performance were similar between GM and ISO. Positive effects of BMR and HFD on intake and milk yield were observed for lactating dairy cows, but the reduced total-tract starch digestibility for these hybrids merits further study. Except for negative effects of HO on milk components, differences were minimal among corn silage hybrids differing in kernel type. Feeding GM WPCS did not affect lactation performance by dairy cows.  
  Address Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706. Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706. Electronic address: rdshaver@wisc.edu.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2015/02/05  
  ISSN 1525-3198 (Electronic) 0022-0302 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB (?), Google Scholar, PubMed and ScienceDirect searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1315 Serial 2796  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ferreira, L.; Lisenko, K.; Barros, B.; Zangeronimo, M.; Pereira, L.; Sousa, R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Influence of medium-chain triglycerides on consumption and weight gain in rats: a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition Abbreviated Journal J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)  
  Volume 98 Issue 1 Pages 1-8  
  Keywords Animals  
  Abstract The use of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) has been studied for years in an attempt to elucidate their effects in food intake and body weight in animals. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is evidence that the use of MCT reduces consumption and body weight gain in rats, a species chosen as it has been widely used as an animal model in different surveys. A search of scientific work was performed in November 2011 on two bases: 'Web of Science' and 'PubMed'. The terms sample size and homogeneity, randomisation, food consumption and weight gain, body composition, enzyme activity and hormonal activity in rats were used as selection criteria. Thirteen papers were selected after the refinement of the research. Twelve studies measured weight gain and among these, seven detected a decrease in weight gain and five found no differences. Twelve papers also measured food intake and among these, four detected a decrease in consumption, one detected an increase and seven found no differences. Based on established criteria for the ranking of scientific papers, it is concluded that there is strong evidence that MCTs can effectively reduce the consumption and subsequent weight gain of animals. However, in the long term, there may not be differences in results depending on the phenotypic adaptation of animals to a new metabolic condition.  
  Address Veterinary Medicine Department, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2013/01/10  
  ISSN 1439-0396 (Electronic) 0931-2439 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and Web of Science searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 867 Serial 2418  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Filan, S.L.; Llewellyn-Jones, R.H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Animal-assisted therapy for dementia: a review of the literature Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication International psychogeriatrics Abbreviated Journal Int Psychogeriatr  
  Volume 18 Issue 4 Pages 597-611  
  Keywords Aged; Alzheimer Disease/psychology/therapy; Animals; Animals, Domestic; Bonding, Human-Pet; Dogs; Fishes; Homes for the Aged; Humans; Nursing Homes; Robotics; Social Behavior  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is gaining popularity as part of therapy programs in residential aged care facilities. Humans and pet dogs respond to quiet interaction with a lowering of blood pressure and an increase in neurochemicals associated with relaxation and bonding. These effects may be of benefit in ameliorating behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). METHODS: Medline, PsychInfo and CINAHL databases (1960-2005) were searched for papers on AAT or pets and dementia. Publications of controlled trials that measured the effect of AAT for dementia were reviewed. RESULTS: Several small studies suggest that the presence of a dog reduces aggression and agitation, as well as promoting social behavior in people with dementia. One study has shown that aquaria in dining rooms of dementia care units stimulate residents to eat more of their meals and to gain weight but is limited by the small number of facilities studied. There is preliminary evidence that robotic pets may provide pleasure and interest to people with dementia. CONCLUSIONS: Current literature suggests that AAT may ameliorate BPSD, but the duration of the beneficial effect has not been explored. The relative benefits of “resident” versus “visiting” pet dogs are unclear and are confounded by the positive effect of pet interaction on staff or caregivers. Further research on the potential benefits of AAT is recommended.  
  Address Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2006/04/28  
  ISSN 1041-6102 (Print) 1041-6102 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MEDLINE, PsychInfo and CINAHL searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1122 Serial 2419  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Finka, L.R.; Ellis, S.L.; Stavisky, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A critically appraised topic (CAT) to compare the effects of single and multi-cat housing on physiological and behavioural measures of stress in domestic cats in confined environments Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication BMC Veterinary Research Abbreviated Journal BMC Vet Res  
  Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 73  
  Keywords Animals; Cat Diseases/etiology; Cat Diseases/prevention & control; Cats/physiology; Cats/psychology; Housing, Animal/standards; Stress, Psychological/etiology; Stress, Psychological/prevention & control; Cats  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Domestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters) aim to ameliorate this by holding cats in confinement for a variable period until a new home is found. The provision of optimal housing for large numbers of cats in close confinement, such as in rehoming centres, is therefore inherently difficult. Under these conditions there is the potential for individuals to develop signs of physical and psychological ill health, and thus experience compromised welfare. Available information regarding housing practices that maximise welfare currently provides conflicting results, and as a consequence there are no unanimous housing recommendations. The aim of this study was therefore to review the evidence on the impact of single housing compared to multi-cat housing on stress in confined cats, as measured by physiological and/or behavioural outcomes. The review was conducted using a Critically Appraised Topic (CAT) format. A systematic search of electronic databases (CAB Abstracts, Zoological Records and Medline) was carried out to identify peer-reviewed literature comparing single and multi-cat housing in confined environments. RESULTS: A total of 959 papers were initially identified, six of which met sufficient criteria based on their relevance to be included within this review. All of the studies had significant limitations in design and methodology, including a lack of information on how groups were assigned, inconsistent handling and enrichment provision between groups, and lack of information on the socialisation status of cats. CONCLUSIONS: Whilst some studies suggested that single housing may be less stressful for cats, others suggested group housing was less stressful. Several other important factors were however identified as potential mediators of stress within the different housing systems, and recommendations based upon these findings are presented.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/03/25  
  ISSN 1746-6148 (Electronic) 1746-6148 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB Abstracts, Zoological Record and MEDLINE searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1210 Serial 2701  
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