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Author Aspirin, G.M.; Gordon-Evans, W.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Intervertebral disk disease Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 237 Issue 10 Pages 1151-1152  
  Keywords Animals; Dog Diseases/diagnosis/surgery; Dogs; Evidence-Based Practice; Female; Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/diagnosis/surgery/veterinary; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/veterinary; Myelography/veterinary; Spinal Cord Compression/diagnosis/surgery/veterinary; Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61802, USA. geraldineaspirin@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/11/16  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 432 Serial 2341  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cook, J.L.; Cook, C.R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Forelimb lameness in a dog--evidence-based decision making Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 235 Issue 9 Pages 1053-1055  
  Keywords Animals; Arthroscopy/veterinary; Dog Diseases/diagnosis/surgery; Dogs; Evidence-Based Medicine; Forelimb/pathology; Fractures, Bone/diagnosis/surgery/veterinary; Lameness, Animal/diagnosis; Male  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. cookjl@missouri.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2009/11/03  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 439 Serial 2382  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cook, J.L.; Cook, C.R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Intervertebral disk surgery Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 237 Issue 1 Pages 49-51  
  Keywords Animals; Decompression, Surgical/veterinary; Dog Diseases/diagnosis; Dogs; Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery/veterinary; Male; Spinal Fusion/veterinary  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. cookjl@missouri.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/07/02  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 440 Serial 2383  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fajt, V.R.; Van House, A.M.; Honnas, C.M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? In horses with septic bursitis for which the organism has not yet been identified, is IV regional perfusion with amikacin or cefotaxime likely to be effective? Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 236 Issue 6 Pages 636-638  
  Keywords Amikacin/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Arthritis, Infectious/diagnosis/drug therapy/veterinary; Bursitis/diagnosis/drug therapy/veterinary; Cefotaxime/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Evidence-Based Practice; Female; Horse Diseases/diagnosis/drug therapy; Horses; Lameness, Animal/diagnosis  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Departments of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. vfajt@cvm.tamu.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/03/17  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Equine Practitioners searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 445 Serial 2414  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Franklin, S.P.; Cook, J.L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Surgical treatment of large dogs with hip joint osteoarthritis Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 238 Issue 4 Pages 440-442  
  Keywords Animals; Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/veterinary; Dog Diseases/therapy; Dogs; Evidence-Based Medicine/methods/standards; Female; Hip Dysplasia, Canine/surgery; Hip Prosthesis/veterinary; Lameness, Animal; Osteoarthritis/therapy/veterinary  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. franklinsa@missouri.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/02/16  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 448 Serial 2423  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Freeman, A.C.; Platt, S.R.; Kent, M.; Hofmeister, E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Diagnosis of an intracranial lesion as a meningioma on the basis of MRI characteristics Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 239 Issue 1 Pages 60-62  
  Keywords Animals; Brain Neoplasms/diagnosis/surgery/veterinary; Dog Diseases/diagnosis/radiography/surgery; Dogs; Female; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/veterinary; Meningioma/diagnosis/surgery/veterinary; Seizures/diagnosis/veterinary  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. acf@uga.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/07/02  
  ISSN 1943-569X (Electronic) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and Web of Science searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 449 Serial 2425  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author McKenzie, B.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? There is only very weak clinical trial evidence to support the use of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements for osteoarthritis in dogs Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 237 Issue 12 Pages 1382-1383  
  Keywords Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects/therapeutic use; Chondroitin/therapeutic use; Dog Diseases/diagnosis/drug therapy; Dogs; Evidence-Based Medicine; Glucosamine/therapeutic use; Male; Osteoarthritis, Hip/diagnosis/drug therapy/veterinary  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Adobe Animal Hospital, 4470 El Camino Real, Los Altos, CA 94022, USA. mckenzievmd@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/12/16  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 467 Serial 2501  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author O'Connor, A.M.; Gould, S.A.; Coetzee, J.F.; Kreuder, A.J.; Plummer, P.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Intra-abdominal administration of antimicrobial drugs to prevent peritonitis or wound infection in cattle after abdominal surgery Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 239 Issue 3 Pages 314-316  
  Keywords Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Cattle/surgery; Cattle Diseases/prevention & control; Drug Administration Schedule; Evidence-Based Practice; Infusions, Parenteral/methods/veterinary; Intraoperative Period; Peritonitis/prevention & control/veterinary; Cattle  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA. oconnor@iastate.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/08/02  
  ISSN 1943-569X (Electronic) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed and CAB (Abstracts?) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 475 Serial 2532  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Owens, S.L.; Parnell, N.K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Portosystemic shunt in a dog Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 238 Issue 7 Pages 859-861  
  Keywords Animals; Anti-Ulcer Agents/therapeutic use; Diet/veterinary; Dog Diseases/pathology/therapy; Dogs; Evidence-Based Medicine; Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/prevention & control; Hepatic Encephalopathy/therapy/veterinary; Lactulose/administration & dosage/therapeutic use; Liver Diseases/congenital/therapy/veterinary; Male; Omeprazole/therapeutic use; Portal System/abnormalities; Stomach Ulcer/prevention & control; Treatment Outcome  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. sowens@purdue.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/04/02  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB Abstracts, PubMed and Veterinary Information Network (VIN) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 478 Serial 2544  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Roudebush, P.; Forrester, S.D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Therapeutic foods for cats with chronic kidney disease Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 236 Issue 4 Pages 416-417  
  Keywords Animals; Cat Diseases/diet therapy; Cats; Evidence-Based Medicine; Kidney Failure, Chronic/diet therapy/veterinary; Male  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Scientific Affairs, Hill's Pet Nutrition Inc, Topeka, KS 66601, USA. phil_roudebush@hillspet.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/02/16  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 484 Serial 2578  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Roudebush, P.; Forrester, S.D.; Padgelek, T. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Therapeutic foods to treat struvite uroliths in cats instead of surgery Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 236 Issue 9 Pages 965-966  
  Keywords Animal Feed; Animals; Cat Diseases/diagnosis/diet therapy; Cats; Diet/veterinary; Evidence-Based Practice; Female; Urolithiasis/diagnosis/diet therapy/veterinary  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Scientific Affairs, Hill's Pet Nutrition Inc, PO Box 148, Topeka, KS 66601, USA. phil_roudebush@hillspet.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/05/04  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 485 Serial 2579  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Shaughnessy, M.R.; Hofmeister, E.H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? How accurate are noninvasive transmission pulse oximeters in dogs? Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 236 Issue 1 Pages 55-56  
  Keywords Anesthesia, General/veterinary; Animals; Anoxia/blood/diagnosis/veterinary; Blood Gas Analysis/veterinary; Dog Diseases/blood/diagnosis; Dogs; Heart Rate; Male; Oximetry/standards/veterinary; Oxygen/blood; Oxyhemoglobins/analysis; Sensitivity and Specificity  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2010/01/02  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 486 Serial 2593  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Shaver, S.L.; Hofmeister, E.H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Combination of local analgesic and opioid epidural protocols Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 238 Issue 11 Pages 1410-1411  
  Keywords Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage; Anesthesia, Epidural/methods/veterinary; Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage; Animals; Dogs/injuries/surgery; Evidence-Based Medicine; Female; Femoral Fractures/surgery/veterinary; Pain, Postoperative/etiology/prevention & control/veterinary; Dogs  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. kaastel@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/06/02  
  ISSN 1943-569X (Electronic) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 487 Serial 2594  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Smee, N.M.; Towell, T.L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Inflammatory bowel disease in a dog Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 238 Issue 9 Pages 1111-1113  
  Keywords Animal Feed/analysis; Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use; Diet/veterinary; Dietary Proteins; Dog Diseases/therapy; Dogs; Female; Gastroenteritis/therapy/veterinary; Tylosin/therapeutic use  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. nsmee@vet.k-state.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2011/05/03  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 488 Serial 2600  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Torres, B.T.; Radlinsky, M.G.; Budsberg, S.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What is the evidence? Surgical intervention in a cat with idiopathic chylothorax Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Abbreviated Journal J Am Vet Med Assoc  
  Volume 235 Issue 10 Pages 1167-1169  
  Keywords Animals; Cat Diseases/surgery; Cats; Chylothorax/surgery/veterinary; Evidence-Based Medicine; Male  
  Abstract (up)  
  Address Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. btorres@uga.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2009/11/17  
  ISSN 0003-1488 (Print) 0003-1488 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 489 Serial 2618  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Srinand, S.; Ames, T.R.; Maheswaran, S.K.; King, V.L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Efficacy of various vaccines against pneumonic pasteurellosis in cattle: a meta-analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 1995 Publication Preventive Veterinary Medicine Abbreviated Journal Prev Vet Med  
  Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages 7-17  
  Keywords Parasites, Vectors, Pathogens and Biogenic Diseases of Animals [LL820]; Host Resistance and Immunity [HH600]; adjuvants; bacterial diseases; experimental infections; immunization; inactivated vaccines; live vaccines; pasteurellosis; pneumonia; research; respiratory diseases; statistical analysis; vaccines; cattle; Pasteurella haemolytica; Pasteurella; Pasteurellaceae; Gracilicutes; bacteria; prokaryotes; Bos; Bovidae; ruminants; Artiodactyla; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; ungulates; eukaryotes; attenuated vaccines; bacterial infections; bacterioses; efficacy; immune sensitization; killed vaccines; lung diseases; statistical methods; studies; [Indexed using CAB Thesaurus terms]  
  Abstract (up) 72 trials were identified in 27 studies recorded on VETCD, CAB and MEDLINE databases. Data concerning animals, vaccination procedure, experimental methodology, vaccine type and raw mean lung-lesion scores were registered from each publication. Vaccine types were grouped into 11 or 10 categories based on the subunit content in each preparation for the first and second analysis, respectively. The least-squares means of the postchallenge lung-lesion scores of each vaccine type were then compared after controlling for all the other variables in an analysis of variance using Fischer's protected least significant difference. The statistical analysis was done using a general linear models procedure. Protective indices for each vaccine type were calculated as a function of independent probabilities of protection among vaccinates and controls, and were then compared in a similar model. Cattle vaccinated with live vaccines had the smallest lung-lesion scores (9+or-8) which significantly differed from that of controls (44+or-8), bacterins (23+or-6) and live streptomycin dependent (SmD, 38+or-12) or modified live (31+or-10). KSCN extract (9+or-10), bacterin, and culture supernatant (CS, 20+or-9) also had significantly lower lung-lesion scores compared to controls. The CS and KSCN vaccines showed a significantly better protective index (PI, 0.70 and 0.68, respectively) than bacterins (0.50) or bacterin + CS (0.44) vaccines. Saline extract and live vaccines had better PI (0.60 and 0.70, respectively) compared to bacterins.  
  Address Department of Clinical and Population Sciences, 1365 Gortner Ave., 225 Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0167-5877 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes VETCD, CAB Abstracts and MEDLINE searched. Database record copyright CAB International 2010 Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 404 Serial 2605  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Beauvais, W.; Cardwell, J.M.; Brodbelt, D.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The effect of neutering on the risk of mammary tumours in dogs – a systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Journal of Small Animal Practice Abbreviated Journal J Small Anim Pract  
  Volume 53 Issue 6 Pages 314-322  
  Keywords Age Factors; Animals; Dog Diseases/epidemiology; Dogs; Female; Hysterectomy/veterinary; Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/epidemiology; Ovariectomy/veterinary; Risk Factors  
  Abstract (up) A commonly-stated advantage of neutering bitches is a significant reduction in the risk of mammary tumours, however the evidence for this has not previously been assessed by systematic review. The objectives of this study were to estimate the magnitude and strength of evidence for any effect of neutering, or age of neutering, on the risk of mammary tumours in bitches. A systematic review was conducted based on Cochrane guidelines. Peer-reviewed analytic journal articles in English were eligible and were assessed for risk of bias by two reviewers independently. Of 11,149 search results, 13 reports in English-language peer-reviewed journals addressed the association between neutering/age at neutering and mammary tumours. Nine were judged to have a high risk of bias. The remaining four were classified as having a moderate risk of bias. One study found an association between neutering and a reduced risk of mammary tumours. Two studies found no evidence of an association. One reported “some protective effect” of neutering on the risk of mammary tumours, but no numbers were presented. Due to the limited evidence available and the risk of bias in the published results, the evidence that neutering reduces the risk of mammary neoplasia, and the evidence that age at neutering has an effect, are judged to be weak and are not a sound basis for firm recommendations.  
  Address Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health Group, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2012/06/01  
  ISSN 1748-5827 (Electronic) 0022-4510 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB Direct (CAB Abstracts?), Web of Knowledge (Web of Science?) and PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 621 Serial 2353  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author van Knegsel, A.T.; van der Drift, S.G.; Cermakova, J.; Kemp, B. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of shortening the dry period of dairy cows on milk production, energy balance, health, and fertility: A systematic review Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Veterinary Journal (London, England : 1997) Abbreviated Journal Vet J  
  Volume 198 Issue 3 Pages 707-13  
  Keywords Cattle; Animals; Cattle/physiology; Cattle Diseases/prevention & control; Dairying/methods; Energy Metabolism; Female; Fertility; Lactation; Milk/secretion; Milk Proteins/metabolism; Milk Proteins  
  Abstract (up) A dry period of 6-8weeks for dairy cows is generally thought to maximise milk production in the next lactation. However, the value of such a long dry period is increasingly questioned. In particular, shortening the dry period shifts milk production from the critical period after calving to the weeks before calving. This shift in milk production could improve the energy balance (EB), health and fertility of dairy cows. The objective of this study was to systematically review the current knowledge on dry period length in relation to milk production, EB, fertility, and health of cows and calves. A meta-analysis was performed for variables where at least five studies were available. Overall, both shortening and omitting the dry period reduces milk production, increases milk protein percentage and tends to reduce the risk of ketosis in the next lactation. Individual studies reported an improvement of EB after a short or no dry period, compared with a conventional dry period. Shortening or omitting the dry period did not affect milk fat percentage and shortening the dry period did not alter the odds ratio for mastitis, metritis, or fertility measures in the next lactation. So, current evidence for an improvement of health and fertility of dairy cows is marginal and may be partly explained by the limited number of studies which have evaluated health and fertility in relation to dry period length, the limited number of animals in those studies and the variable responses reported.  
  Address Adaptation Physiology Group, Department of Animal Sciences, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: Ariette.vanKnegsel@wur.nl.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2013/11/19  
  ISSN 1532-2971 (Electronic) 1090-0233 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1177 Serial 2673  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Wolfger, B.; Timsit, E.; White, B.J.; Orsel, K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Systematic Review of Bovine Respiratory Disease Diagnosis Focused on Diagnostic Confirmation, Early Detection, and Prediction of Unfavorable Outcomes in Feedlot Cattle Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice Abbreviated Journal Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract  
  Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 351-365  
  Keywords Cattle: Respiratory; Diagnosis  
  Abstract (up) A large proportion of newly arrived feedlot cattle are affected with bovine respiratory disease (BRD). Economic losses could be reduced by accurate, early detection. This review evaluates the available literature regarding BRD confirmatory diagnostic tests, early detection methods, and modalities to estimate post-therapeutic prognosis or predict unfavorable or fatal outcomes. Scientific evidence promotes the use of haptoglobin to confirm BRD status. Feeding behavior, infrared thermography, and reticulorumen boluses are promising methods. Retrospective analyses of routinely collected treatment and cohort data can be used to identify cattle at risk of unfavorable outcome. Other methods have been reviewed but require further study.  
  Address Department of Production Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive Northwest, Calgary, Alberta T2N-4N1, Canada. Electronic address: bwolfger@ucalgary.ca. Department of Production Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive Northwest, Calgary, Alberta T2N-4N1, Canada. Department of Clinical Sciences, Kansas State University, Mosier Hall Q 211, 1800 Denison Avenue, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2015/07/27  
  ISSN 1558-4240 (Electronic) 0749-0720 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAB Abstracts and PubMed searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1359 Serial 2830  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Zoidis, E.; Demiris, N.; Kominakis, A.; Pappas, A.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Meta-analysis of selenium accumulation and expression of antioxidant enzymes in chicken tissues Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience Abbreviated Journal Animal  
  Volume 8 Issue 4 Pages 542-54  
  Keywords Chickens; Poultry; Nutrition  
  Abstract (up) A meta-analysis integrating results of 40 selenium (Se) supplementation experiments that originated from 35 different controlled randomized trials was carried out in an attempt to identify significant factors that affect tissue Se accumulation in chicken. Examined factors included: Se source (12 different sources examined), type of chicken (laying hens or broilers), age of birds at the beginning of supplementation, duration of supplementation, year during which the study was conducted, sex of birds, number of chickens per treatment, method of analysis, tissue type, concentration of Se determined and Se added to feed. A correlation analysis was also carried out between tissue Se concentration and glutathione peroxidase activity. Data analysis showed that the factors significantly affecting tissue Se concentration include type of chicken (P=0.006), type of tissue (P<0.001) and the analytical method used (P=0.014). Although Se source was not found to affect tissue Se concentration (overall P>0.05), certain inorganic (sodium selenite), calcium selenite, sodium selenate and organic sources (B-Traxim Se), Se-yeast, Se-malt, Se-enriched cabbage and Se-enriched garlic as well as background Se level from feed ingredients were found to significantly affect tissue Se concentration. The Se accumulation rate (estimated as linear regression coefficient of Se concentrations to Se added to feed) discriminated between the various tissues with highest values estimated in the leg muscle and lowest in blood plasma. Correlation analysis has also shown that tissue Se concentration (pooled data) was correlated to Se added to feed (r=0.529, P<0.01, log values) and to glutathione peroxidase activity (r=0.332, P=0.0478), with the latter not being correlated with Se added to feed. Although significant factors affecting Se concentration were reported in the present study, they do not necessarily indicate the in vivo function of the antioxidant system or the level of accumulated Se as other factors, not examined in the present study, may interact at the level of trace element absorption, distribution and retention.  
  Address Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding, Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos, 11855 Athens, Greece. 2 Department of Statistics, Athens University of Economics and Business, 76 Patission Str., 10434 Athens, Greece. 3 Department of Animal Breeding and Husbandry, Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos, 11855 Athens, Greece.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/01/07  
  ISSN 1751-732X (Electronic) 1751-7311 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Academic Onefile, AGRICOLA, BIDS, Biochemistry and Biophysics Citation Index, BioInfoBank Library, Biological Abstracts, Biosis Previews, CAB Abstracts, Elsevier biobase-CABS, EMBASE, Current Contents/Life Sciences, EMBiology, Google Scholar, IBIDS (International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements), IngentaConnect, MEDLINE, NLM Gateway, OvidSP, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and Wilson Web searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1195 Serial 2689  
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