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Author (up) Chatziprodromidou, I.P.; Arvanitidou, M.; Guitian, J.; Apostolou, T.; Vantarakis, G.; Vantarakis, A. url  doi
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  Title Global avian influenza outbreaks 2010-2016: a systematic review of their distribution, avian species and virus subtype Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Abbreviated Journal Syst Rev  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 17  
  Keywords Avian flu; Chickens; Poulty; Outbreak; Wild birds  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review to investigate avian influenza outbreaks and to explore their distribution, upon avian influenza subtype, country, avian species and other relating details as no comprehensive epidemiological analysis of global avian influenza outbreaks from 2010 to 2016 exists. METHODS: Data was collated from four databases (Scopus, Web of Science Core Correlation, PubMed and SpringerLink electronic journal) and a global electronic reporting system (ProMED mail), using PRISMA and ORION systematic approaches. One hundred seventy three avian influenza virus outbreaks were identified and included in this review, alongside 198 ProMED mail reports. RESULTS: Our research identified that the majority of the reported outbreaks occurred in 2016 (22.2%). These outbreaks were located in China (13.6%) and referred to commercial poultry farms (56.1%). The most common subtype reported in these outbreaks was H5N1 (38.2%), while almost 82.5% of the subtypes were highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. There were differences noticed between ProMED mail and the scientific literature screened. CONCLUSIONS: Avian influenza virus has been proved to be able to contaminate all types of avian species, including commercial poultry farms, wild birds, backyard domestic animals, live poultry, game birds and mixed poultry. The study focused on wet markets, slaughterhouses, wild habitats, zoos and natural parks, in both developed and developing countries. The impact of avian influenza virus seems disproportionate and could potentially burden the already existing disparities in the public health domain. Therefore, a collaboration between all the involved health sectors is considered to be more than necessary.  
  Address Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece. ioannachatzi@med.upatras.gr. Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Royal Veterinary College, London, UK. Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Professionals, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Prefecture of Western Greece, Patras, Greece. Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2018/01/26  
  ISSN 2046-4053 (Electronic) 2046-4053 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Scopus, Web of Science Core Correlation, PubMed, SpringerLink electronic journal and a global electronic reporting system (ProMED mail) searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ rachel.dean @ 1468 Serial 2923  
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