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Author (up) Mathie, R.T.; Clausen, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Veterinary homeopathy: systematic review of medical conditions studied by randomised placebo-controlled trials Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication The Veterinary Record Abbreviated Journal Vet Rec  
  Volume 175 Issue 15 Pages 373-81  
  Keywords Animals; Bias (Epidemiology); Homeopathy/veterinary; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Treatment Outcome; Veterinary Medicine/methods; Cattle; Dogs; Pigs; Goats  
  Abstract A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of veterinary homeopathy has not previously been undertaken. Using Cochrane methods, this review aims to assess risk of bias and to quantify the effect size of homeopathic intervention compared with placebo for each eligible peer-reviewed trial. Judgement in seven assessment domains enabled a trial's risk of bias to be designated as low, unclear or high. A trial was judged to comprise reliable evidence if its risk of bias was low or was unclear in specified domains. A trial was considered to be free of vested interest if it was not funded by a homeopathic pharmacy. The 18 eligible RCTs were disparate in nature, representing four species and 11 different medical conditions. Reliable evidence, free from vested interest, was identified in two trials: homeopathic Coli had a prophylactic effect on porcine diarrhoea (odds ratio 3.89, 95 per cent confidence interval [CI], 1.19 to 12.68, P=0.02); and individualised homeopathic treatment did not have a more beneficial effect on bovine mastitis than placebo intervention (standardised mean difference -0.31, 95 per cent CI, -0.97 to 0.34, P=0.35). Mixed findings from the only two placebo-controlled RCTs that had suitably reliable evidence precluded generalisable conclusions about the efficacy of any particular homeopathic medicine or the impact of individualised homeopathic intervention on any given medical condition in animals.  
  Address British Homeopathic Association, Hahnemann House, 29 Park Street West, Luton LU1 3BE, UK. Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Am Deimelsberg 36, D-45276 Essen, Germany.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition 2014/10/18  
  ISSN 2042-7670 (Electronic) 0042-4900 (Linking) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, Embase, Hom-Inform, HomVetCR (Carstens-Stiftung), LILACS, PubMed, Science Citation Index and Scopus searched Approved yes  
  Call Number UoN @ douglas.grindlay @ 1260 Serial 2748  
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